Savunma ve Stratejik Analizler

31 Mart 2010 Çarşamba

War Games-5

İsrail gazetesinden ilginç iddia

TEL AVİV, (DHA) 31 Mart 2010

İsrail casus uçaklarının Türk hava sahasından geçip Macaristan’da bir suikasta karıştığı yolundaki iddiaların ardından, İsrail’de aşırı sağcıların en önemli yayın organı olan Arutz Sheva gazetesi dün ilginç bir iddia ortaya attı. Gazete, Türkiye veya Kıbrıs Rum kesiminden havalanan uçaklarla İsrail savaş uçaklarının Hayfa açıklarında karşı karşıya geldiğini öne sürdü.

Haberini İsrail’in Channel 2 televizyonuna dayandıran gazete, Akdeniz’den İsrail hava sahasına doğru yaklaşmakta olan bir grup savaş uçağının tespit edilmesi üzerine, İsrail Kuzey Komutanlığı’na bağlı savaş uçaklarının önleme yapmak üzere havalandığını duyurdu.

İddiaya göre düşmanca bir saldırı ihtimalinden korkan İsrail jetlerinin yaptığı sorgulamada, yaklaşmakta olan uçakların “komşu bir ülkeye” ait olduğu ve Hayfa açıklarında tatbikat yaptıkları ortaya çıktı.

Gazete, uçakların kimliğinin açıklanmadığını belirtti ancak İsrail”in bölgedeki “en yakın komşularının” Türkiye ve Kıbrıs Rum Kesimi olduğunu hatırlattı.

http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dunya/14274959.asp?gid=373

ANAMA supports clearance operations at the Turkey-Syria borderline

Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA) has signed acontract with a Turkish Company Nokta, on provision of training, monitoring and QA/QC services to Nokta Company. In 2009 Nokta Company has won the tender announced by the Turkish Government on clearance of mine affected territories along Turkey-Syria border in Gaziantep settlement of Karkamish area.

The total size of mine field is 660.000 sqm and it is mined by antitank mines and antipersonnel mines with minimum metallic content. The duration of the project is 10 months. Currently ANAMA operational experts are deployed to Karkamish area to carry out Basic Humanitarian Demining Training for Turkish recruits which is the first phase in the implementation of the project.

Upon completion of the training ANAMA will provide permanent QA services for Nokta Company to ensure that demining operations carried out by Turkish deminers are inline with the International Mine Action Standards (IMAS). The final stage of the project would be deployment of the ANAMA QC Team to carry out final sampling of some 10% of the total cleared area in accordance with IMAS. As a provider of a QA/QC for this demining project, ANAMA will issue clearance certificates for the cleared area once all requirements of IMAS have been met.
Posted by Mustafa KUGU
http://turkdefence.blogspot.com/2010/03/azerbaijan-national-agency-for-mine.html

Green Light To Develop Next Generation of Royal Navy Warships

Mar 26, 2010

BAE has been awarded a 4 year GBP127 million contract by the MOD to take forward the programme to develop a new generation of combat ships for the Royal Navy

(Portsmouth, UK, March 25, 2010) -- BAE Systems has been awarded a four year GBP127 million contract by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) to take forward the programme to develop a new generation of combat ships for the Royal Navy.

The announcement comes as the Royal Navy has revealed that the first ships to be developed under the Future Surface Combatant programme will be known as the Type 26 class. Designed to replace the existing Type 22 and Type 23 frigates, Type 26 will deliver a versatile, affordable capability that can be easily upgraded to ensure it remains at the cutting-edge throughout its service life. Under the contract, BAE Systems will work in a joint team with the MOD to assess options from the initial concept design in order to develop a detailed specification ready for manufacture.

Defence Secretary Bob Ainsworth said: "Planning for future Defence is crucial. It is our duty to provide key equipment that will ensure the UK is properly prepared to meet its own Defence needs in an ever changing world, and continue to play an important role in maintaining global security. Programmes like the Type 26 not only ensure the Royal Navy continues to have cutting edge capability but also sustain the industry that supports them. The commitments the MOD has made will protect skills and employment, and preserve the industrial capability needed to carry out future programmes efficiently, in a way that represents value for money."

First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope said: "These programme announcements are welcome news for the Navy. You simply cannot have an effective Navy without capable Frigates, and the Type 26 combat ship will form the future backbone of the Royal Navy's surface combatant force, alongside the new Type 45 Destroyers. These ships will be highly versatile, able to operate across the full spectrum of operations, from war fighting to disaster relief."

Alan Johnston, Managing Director of BAE Systems Surface Ships, said: "This is an exciting step in a programme that is hugely important not only for the Royal Navy but for the whole of the UK maritime industry.

"Type 26 is a key component in sustaining a surface warship capability in UK industry as agreed under the Terms of Business Agreement we signed with the MOD last year. Working in close partnership with the MOD and industry will help to reduce risk and deliver better value for UK taxpayers. It represents a real step change in procurement for defence."

An 80 strong joint MOD and BAE Systems team has already been established out of Bristol and this will rise to 300 over the next four years, bringing together expertise in all aspects of warship engineering to complete the assessment phase. The first task of the team is to evaluate the main options including capability, operational availability of the ships, exportability features and support optimisation. The programme is also timed to address outputs from the forthcoming Strategic Defence Review so that changes to policy will be reflected in the final ship design, ensuring that Type 26 delivers the right capability to support future UK defence.

Type 26 is the first of two classes of ships to be built under the Future Surface Combatant programme, delivering enhanced anti-submarine warfare capability and enabling a more agile response to a wide range of threats and emergency situations. Both variants will be developed with their potential for export factored into the design from the outset, with the aim of securing overseas orders to spread non-recurring costs and reduce the cost per ship to deliver better value for the MOD and UK taxpayers. This approach will also provide a platform to showcase the capability within the UK maritime supply chain, helping to secure the UK's long-term future at the forefront of the global maritime industry.

The first of the new class is due to enter service around the start of the next decade and by the 2030s around half of frontline Royal Navy personnel are expected to operate on a either a Type 26 or the second variant to be developed under this programme.

http://www.asdnews.com/news/26908/Green_Light_To_Develop_Next_Generation_of_Royal_Navy_Warships.htm

Taiwan Plans to Develop Ballistic and Cruise Missiles

It was right for Taiwan’s military to be moving toward the development of a mid-range ground-to-ground missile, Vice Defense Minister Andrew Yang said Monday, though he failed to confirm reports of tests.Ruling Kuomintang lawmaker Ting Shou-chung asked Yang at the Legislative Yuan whether he had visited the United States to explain planned tests in June at the Chiupeng military base in Pingtung County.Yang denied he had traveled to the U.S. and failed to give a direct answer to the question about the missile test, only saying it was right for the military to be thinking about developing the weapons.Ting said reports about plans to develop ground-to-ground missiles with a range of 1,200 kilometers and cruise missiles with a range of 800 kilometers had attracted concern from overseas that Taiwan might be violating international ballistic missile limitation treaties.......................
http://theasiandefence.blogspot.com/2010/03/taiwan-plans-to-develop-ballistic.html

India's Light Combat Copter Makes First Flight

As the helicopter taxied slowly along the airstrip, a little knot of designers and executives from Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) watched silently, the sweat beads on their foreheads from more than just the Bangalore heat. March 29 had been selected for a landmark attempt: The first flight of the indigenous Light Combat Helicopter (LCH). Already a year late, and facing criticism for having gone several hundred kilograms overweight, the LCH had much to prove.
Attack helicopters involve the most complex aeronautical, stealth, sensor and weapons technologies. HAL’s state-of-the-art LCH aims to gatecrash an exclusive club of light attack helicopters that includes Eurocopter’s Tiger and China’s ultra-secret Zhisheng-10 (Z-10). In high-altitude performance, the LCH will be in a class by itself: Taking off from Himalayan altitudes of 10,000 feet, operating rockets and guns up to 16,300 feet, and launching missiles at UAVs flying at over 21,000 feet.
...

Pakistan Navy to buy seven submarines

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Navy is in discussions with China and France to acquire seven latest conventional submarines, negotiations with Germany to purchase three U-214 is also on cards.

Chinese version offers economical price of around $230 million for each boat.

To negotiate with French DCN Company for Marline Submarines, a high level naval delegation will visit France on April 27.

Reliable sources from Pakistan Navy told DawnNews that after three years of continuous negotiations with Germany PN has decided to avail some other options as well for acquiring next-generation submarines.

Sources maintained that Islamabad is deeply interested in acquiring four Chinese Yuan and Song Class and three French Marlin class latest diesel electric conventional versions in a bid to meet any challenge from the rapidly expanding Indian navy.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_041_submarine  (NATO code name Yuan class)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_039_submarine  (NATO code name Song class)

Initially German company HDW had drawn up technical specifications for three U-214 boats and a billion dollars contract also intact and was almost final.—DawnNews

http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/Pakistan/16-navy+to+buy+seven+submarines-hs-04

Russia, Greece to hold joint naval drills in 2010

The Russian and Greek navies will conduct joint exercises in 2010 as part of a bilateral military cooperation action plan, the Russian Defense Ministry said on Tuesday.

Anatoly Serdyukov met on Tuesday his Greek counterpart Evangelos Venezelos in Moscow to discuss bilateral military ties and a Russian initiative to sign a new European security treaty.

"15 events are planned for 2010 for the Russian and Greek servicemen, including exchanges, reciprocal visits of the countries' warships and joint naval drills," spokeswoman for the Russian defense minister Irina Kovalchuk told reporters.

Military-technical cooperation between Russia and Greece began in 1993 and the countries signed an intergovernmental agreement that is currently in force two years later. In the 1990s, Greece acquired over $1 billion worth of Russian weapons.

Russian TOR-M1 air defense systems, Kornet and Fagot antitank weapons, as well as air cushion landing craft Zubr are in service with the Greek Armed Forces.

"Our relations in the sphere of military-technological cooperation are very constructive. And they play an important role both in the development of bilateral relations between Russia and Greece and in the development of Russia-EU relations in general," the Greek defense minister said.

http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100330/158365114.html

30 Mart 2010 Salı

War Games-4
















1- ''All-Up-Round Selected Availability Anti-Spoofing Module-compliant Block II Tactical HARPOON Missiles---- Transmittal No. 07-31
The Government of Turkey has requested a possible sale of 51 All-Up-Round Selected Availability Anti-spoofing Module-compliant Block II Tactical HARPOON missiles in the following configurations: 8 Tartar, 38 Lightweight canisters, and 5 Encapsulated. Also included: containers, test sets and support equipment, spare and repair parts, publications and technical data, maintenance, personnel training and training equipment, U.S. Government (USG) support, contractor representatives’ engineering and technical support services, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $159 million.''
 2-'' Sipri Trade Register 2009:   4 RGM-84L Harpoon-2 Anti-ship missile 2008 ---?''
3-  Or Turkish TLAM ?

S-300 Family

MİT’e en güçlü aday Dr. Hakan Fidan

Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı’nda (MİT) Emre Taner’den mayısta boşalacak müsteşarlık görevine, Başbakanlık Müsteşar Yardımcısı Dr. Hakan Fidan’ın getirileceği bildirildi.

15 yıl TSK’da astsubay olarak görev yapan Fidan, Başbakanlık Türk İşbirliği ve Kalkınma İdaresi (TİKA) Başkanlığı ile Uluslararası Atom Enerjisi Kurumu ve BM Silahsızlanma Enstitüsü’nde görev aldı.

NİSAN MGK’SINDA BELLİ OLACAK

Birleşmiş Milletler Kalkınma İşbirliği Forumu Danışma Kurulu üyesi de olan Hakan Fidan uluslararası ilişkiler ve güvenlik konusunda uzman. Fidan’ın adı, Ahmet Davutoğlu’nun Başbakanlık Başdanışmanı olduğu dönemde kritik diplomatik temaslar için oluşturduğu ekipte sıkça yer aldı. Fidan, Türk Birliği Parlamentosu kurulması çalışmalarında da Başbakan Erdoğan tarafından koordinatör olarak görevlendirilmişti. Görev süresi 27 Kasım 2009’da dolan ve 6 ay uzatılan Emre Taner, nisan toplantısında MGK’ya son kez katılacak. Görev süresi mayıs sonunda dolacak Taner’in yerine atanacak ismin de bu toplantıda netleşmesi bekleniyor.

http://www.stargazete.com/politika/mit-e-en-guclu-aday-dr-hakan-fidan-haber-252564.htm

Ermeniler Kars’ta tank ve top saydı

Ermenistan, 1-5 Mart 2010’da Kars’ın Sarıkamış İlçesi’nde icra edilen Kış Tatbikatı’nın hemen ardından bir heyet göndererek, 8-13 Mart’ta silah ve araç sayımı yaptı. Ermeni heyetin Kars, Iğdır ve Ardahan‘da sayım yaptığı öğrenildi. Ermenistan teftişinin bölgesel silahlanmayı eşitlemeye yönelik Avrupa Konvansiyonel Silahlı Kuvvetler Antlaşması (AKKA) çerçevesinde yapıldığı öğrenildi. Askeri kaynaklar, NATO ve eski Varşova Paktı arasında imzalanan AKKA’nın, tank, uçak, uçaksavar ve savaş helikopteri sayılarına eşitlik getirmeyi öngördüğünü, bu durumdan endişe eden ülkelerin birbirlerine denetim yapabilmesine imkan tanıdığına işaret ettiler. Kış Tatbikatı dolayısıyla bölgede bir hareketlenme olduğunu anımsatan yetkililer, bu durumun Erivan’ın dikkatini çektiğini ve bir heyetin silah ve askeri araç sayımı yaptığını anlattı. AKKA kapsamında Ermenistan’ın bugüne kadar 3 kez Türkiye’de denetim yaptığı öğrenildi. TSK’nın ise 2007’den bu yana Ermenistan’ın çeşitli birliklerinde toplam 19 teftiş gerçekleştirdiği bildirildi.
http://www.stargazete.com/politika/ermeniler-kars-ta-tank-ve-top-saydi-haber-252573.htm

Russia makes first appearance at DIMDEX naval show

29/03/2010

Russia's state arms exporter Rosoboronexport will showcase 150 exhibits of Russian naval equipment at a biennial naval show in Qatar on March 29-31.

Founded in 2008, DIMDEX is the only specialized maritime defense exhibition in the Middle East bringing together companies, which represent the latest achievements in the sphere of maritime security.

Russia will spotlight at the show the Club M mobile high-precision coastal cruise missile system equipped with 3M-14E, 3M-54E and 3M54E1 missiles, which are capable of destroying naval and land targets.

Other Russian exhibits include Tiger and Gepard class corvettes, Mirage and Mangust class patrol boats, Murena-E class air cushion landing craft, and Kilo and Amur-1650 class diesel attack submarines.

According to organizers, 130 exhibitors from 30 countries will take part in the DIMDEX 2010 naval show, hosted by Qatar Emiri Naval Forces and held under the patronage of Sheikh

Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani, Heir Apparent of The State of Qatar.

Over 70 official delegations and up to 20 warships are expected to attend the exhibition.
MOSCOW, March 29 (RIA Novosti)
http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100329/158341333.html

Türkiye A400M adedinde azaltma yapacak mı?

''A400M projesine daha eskiden dahil ülkelerden İtalya ve Portekiz’in, 2001 ve 2002 yıllarında programdan çekilmelerinin ardından, projeye ortak ülkelerin şu ana dek planlanmış olan sipariş miktari 180′dir (Almanya 60; Fransa 50; İspanya 27; İngiltere 25; Türkiye 10; Belçika 7; Lüksemburg 1).''

Fransa sipariş sayısını 50 adetten 35 adede , İngiltere ise 25 adetten 19 adede kadar indirirse Almanya ve Türkiye kaç adede kadar indirme yaparlar. Örneğin 10 adetten 8 adede olabilir mi? Bu bizim teknik isterlerimizi karşılar mı? Dahası adedi kaç paraya mal olur? ( İlk alım maliyeti ve ömür boyu işletme maliyeti)

DGA: A400M Contract Mods Expected in June

By Pierre Tran

PARIS - Modifications to the contract for the A400M military transport aircraft are expected to be signed in June, said the head of the French Direction Générale pour l'Armement (DGA) procurement office.

"The changes to the contract, which could be signed in June 2010, will fix the details," said minutes of a hearing given by Laurent Collet-Billon to a parliamentary defense committee March 24. Collet-Billon was referring to details of French program payments under a 3.5 billion euro ($4.7 billion) package of financial support agreed to by the seven launch customers

The extra 10 percent cost overrun accepted - 550 million euros excluding tax - will not disrupt the current six-year military budget law, while France's 400 million euro contribution to the export levy facility will come from the general budget, not the Defense Ministry's, he said.

To maintain the integrity of the present defense budget, deliveries of the A400M were delayed and the French Air Force will only have 35 units in 2020, he said.
...
http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4559462&c=EUR

U.K. To Announce Details on A400M Deal

By Andrew Chuter

The British government is expected to provide details March 29 on the deal it struck to continue as part of the A400M airlifter project, in what is likely to be the last major defense equipment program announcement before the Labour Party calls a general election.
Britain's contribution to the increase - the seven partner nations agreed to pay prime contractor EADS an additional 2 billion euros ($2.68 billion) toward the cost of the much-delayed airlifter program - will be minimal, Quentin Davies, the defense procurement minister, told Defense News.

The Airbus partner nations have been negotiating for months with EADS over a financial rescue package for the aircraft, which is years late and hugely over budget.

The sides agreed earlier this month on a revised financial and delivery schedule that involved both sides in putting up more cash to complete the program.

Britain's contribution will involve a minimal cost increase and a reduced delivery of up to three aircraft from the original order for 25.

Davies said the recent deal was achieved "without any degradation to technical specifications of concern to us."

Davies said that at one stage the United Kingdom was looking at having to reduce its order to 19 aircraft. Now the minimum order, which is still subject to negotiation, will be 22.
...
http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4558267&c=EUR

29 Mart 2010 Pazartesi

US Military Engagement Rules by Service

Marine Corps Rules:
1. Be courteous to everyone, friendly to no one.
2. Decide to be aggressive enough, quickly enough.
3. Have a plan.
4. Have a back-up plan, because the first one probably won't work.
5. Be polite. Be professional. But, have a plan to kill everyone you meet.
6. Do not attend a gunfight with a handgun whose caliber does not start with a '4.'
7. Anything worth shooting is worth shooting twice. Ammo is cheap. Life is expensive.
8. Move away from your attacker. Distance is your friend. (Lateral & diagonal preferred.)
9. Use cover and concealment as much as possible.
10. Flank your adversary when possible. Protect yours.
11. Always cheat; always win. The only unfair fight is the one you lose.
12. In ten years nobody will remember the details of caliber, stance, or tactics. They will only remember who lived.
13. If you are not shooting, you should be communicating your intention to shoot.

Navy SEALS Rules:

1. Look very cool in sunglasses.
2. Kill every living thing within view.
3. Adjust speedo.
4. Check hair in mirror.

US Army Rangers Rules:

1. Walk 50 miles wearing 75 pound rucksack while starving.
2. Locate individuals requiring killing.
3. Request permission via radio from 'Higher' to perform killing.
4. Curse bitterly when mission is aborted.
5. Walk out 50 miles wearing a 75 pound rucksack while starving.

US Army Rules:

1. Curse bitterly when receiving operational order.
2. Make sure there is extra ammo and extra coffee.
3. Curse bitterly.
4. Curse bitterly.
5. Do not listen to 2nd LTs; it can get you killed.
6. Curse bitterly.

US Air Force Rules:

1. Have a cocktail.
2. Adjust temperature on air-conditioner.
3. See what's on HBO.
4. Ask 'What is a gunfight?'
5. Request more funding from Congress with a 'killer' PowerPoint presentation.
6. Wine & dine 'key' Congressmen, invite DOD & defense industry executives.
7. Receive funding, set up new command and assemble assets.
8. Declare the assets 'strategic' and never deploy them operationally.
9. Hurry to make 13:45 tee-time.
10. Make sure the base is as far as possible from the conflict, but close enough to have tax exemption.

(And I Love This Next One) Go Navy!

US Navy Rules:

1. Go to Sea.
2. Drink Coffee.  /  ROM  (edit rew)
3. Deploy Marines

KOREA KSS-III & DSX3000 SUBMARINE

KOREA KSS III & DSX 3000 SUBMARINE

Displacement: 3020 metric tons
Dimension: Length:78.0 m
Beam: 7.7 m
Draught: 6.0 m
Speed: 20
Complement: 42

Darfur rebels shoot down Sudan helicopters

Written by Reuters

Monday, 29 March 2010 13:39

Darfur rebels said they had shot down two Sudanese army helicopters in the latest reports of fighting that have marred faltering peace talks between Khartoum and other insurgents.


Sudan's army said two if its helicopters crashed after developing technical problems, but denied there was any attack.

"Government forces attacked our positions in South Darfur yesterday (Sunday)," Ibrahim al-Helwu, from the rebel Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) told Reuters, speaking by telephone from Paris.

"Our forces shot down two of their helicopters one crashed at the site and the other came down on its way back to Nyala (South Darfur's capital). The government says the war is over but this is just propaganda."
...
http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7320:darfur-rebels-shoot-down-sudan-helicopters&catid=35:Aerospace&Itemid=107

War Games-3

Turkish Pavilion to Delight DIMDEX 2010 Visitors


Doha, Qatar, 23rd February 2010: The Doha 2nd International Maritime Defence Exhibition & Conference 2010 (DIMDEX 2010), the anchor of the Middle East and North African maritime defence industry, will host DIMDEX’s first Turkish National Pavilion at the Doha Exhibition Center from 29th to 31st March 2010.

Demonstrating Turkey’s commitment to both DIMDEX 2010 and the MENA maritime defence industry is an impressive 500 sq metre pavilion hosting 16 leading Turkish defence manufacturers including ARES Shipyards, Dearsan, Düzgit, Elektroland, ETC-IS, Gate Elektronik, Genetlab, Havelsan, Istanbul Shipyard, Ka-Tron, Meteksan, Milsoft, STM, Uyar Şirketler Grubu, Yakupoğlu and Yaltes.

"Turkey is an emerging force in the global defence sector, so it is fitting that the latest Turkish technologies to meet the demands of Middle East and North African naval forces will be displayed at DIMDEX 2010,” said DIMDEX 2010 Exhibition Director Mr. Mohamad Nabhani.

The Turkish group is led by Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM), Turkey’s main procurement agency, who provides comprehensive support to the presentation of Turkish defence industrial capabilities under a National Participation concept at international defence fairs. For further information on SSM please visit www.ssm.gov.tr or email export@ssm.gov.tr.

In addition to the 500 sq m Turkish Pavilion, the Republic of Turkey is represented at DIMDEX 2010 by the frigate TCG Gemlik which will participate in the DIMDEX Warship display at Doha International Port throughout the 3-day event.

Today, the Turkish Navy (Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri) is one of the most advanced in the world and has the 3rd largest fleet in Europe with submarines, frigates, Corvettes, Fast Attack Missile & Torpedo Boats, Mine Warfare Ships and Patrol Craft on duty.

For more information about the DIMDEX 2010 exhibition, the Middle East Naval Commanders Conference and DIMDEX Warships display, please visit the www.dimdex.com website.

http://www.dimdex.com/news.aspx?Id=99

http://www.dimdex.com/home.aspx

Türkiye, Avrupa’da farkı kapatıyor

Avrupa’nın en büyük ekonomisi Almanya 1985’de, Türkiye’nin 5,49 katı büyüklüğünde bir ekonomi iken, bu fark 1992’de 4,96, 2009’da 3,23, 2014’de ise 1,92 kata indi.

Türkiye ekonomisi, Avrupa ekonomileri ile farkı giderek kapatıyor.

Uluslararası Para Fonu’nun (IMF) Ekim 2009 raporu tahminlerine göre, 1992-2009 döneminde Türkiye, satın alma gücü paritesine (SGP) göre, gayri safi yurt içi hasılasını(GSYH) cari fiyatlarla yüzde 163,12 artırarak 330,3 milyar dolardan 869,1 milyar dolara yükseltti.

Devamı için:
http://www.milliyet.com.tr/turkiye-avrupa-da-farki-kapatiyor/ekonomi/sondakika/29.03.2010/1217831/default.htm

Yunan ordusundan savaş tamtamları

Yunan ordusu geçmişte krize yol açan ırkçı sloganlar konusunda geri adım atmıyor.

Perşembe günü yapılan Ulusal Bağımsızlık Bayramı geçit töreni sırasında özel kuvvetler "Akıtacağımız kan, domuz Arnavut'un kanı" şeklinde sloganlar attı. Türkiye ve Makedonya aleyhinde de sloganlar atıldı. Gelişme üzerine özel birlik komutanı açığa alındı.

Yunanistan'daki özel kuvvetlerin eğitimleri sırasında attıkları ırkçı ve nefret sloganlarını, 25 Mart'taki bağımsızlık bayramı sırasında da attıkları ortaya çıktı. Amatör kameraya yakalanan Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı'na mensup balık adamlar (OYK), "Akıtacağımız kan, domuz Arnavut'un kanı" şeklinde slogan attı. Skandal nedeniyle idari soruşturma açıldı.

Atina'da düzenlenen resmi geçit törenlerinde yer alan 36 kişilik Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı'nın Sualtı Görevler Birliği'ninülkede yaşayan göçmenler ile Arnavutluk, Makedonya ve Türkiye karşıtı düşmanlık ve ırkçı ifadeler içeren sloganlar attıkları tespit edildi. İnternete düşen görüntüler önceki akşam Yunan televizyonlarında yayınlandı. Videoda 36 balık adam hep bir ağızdan "Yunan doğarsın, hiçbir zaman Yunan olamazsın" ve "Akıtacağımız kan, domuz Arnavut'un kanı" şeklinde düşmanca ifadelerin yer aldığı sloganları atıyor. Görgü tanıkları benzeri ırkçı sloganların Türkiye ve Makedonya için de atıldığı belirtiliyor. Görüntülerin ortaya çıkmasından sonra yaşananlara çok sert tepki veren Kamu Güvenliği Bakanı Mihalis Hrisohoidis, törenlere katılan Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı özel Sualtı Görevler Birliği'nin lideri Tümamiral Athanasio Gusio'nun açığa alınması emrini verdi. Hrisohoidis'in talebi doğrultusunda Sahil Güvenlik Komutanlığı da idari soruşturma başlattı. Sol İttifak'tan (SİRİZA) 3 milletvekili de Savunma Bakanı Evangelos Venizelos'un cevaplaması için bir soru önergesi sundu. SİRİZA, orduda verilen eğitimin yeniden ele alınmasını ve suçluların derhal cezalandırılmasını talep etti. Diğer yandan sivil toplum örgütleri de yarın Savunma Bakanlığı önünde düşmanca sloganlar ile tahrik girişimlerini protesto edeceğini duyurdu.

Bu arada Yunan özel kuvvetlerin düşmanca sloganlarına Arnavutluk da sert tepki gösterdi. Arnavutluk Başbakan Yardımcısı ve Dışişleri Bakanı İlir Meta, "Yunan askerlerinin davranışını kınadıklarını, bunun bir skandal olduğunu" bildirdi. İlir Meta, "Bu ağır hakaret ve kışkırtıcılık eylemini gerçekleştirenler kınanmalı, bu gibi aşırıcılar nerede olurlarsa olsunlar izole edilmelidir." ifadesini kullandı.

Yunan özel kuvvetlerinin eğitim ve tatbikatları sırasında da "Onlara Üsküplü (Makedonyalı) derler, Onlara Arnavut derler, elbiselerimi onların derileriyle dikeceğim", "Ayasofya'ya Ayasofya'ya. İstanbul'a bir akşam, tanklarla girelim. Ayasofya'nın önünde, Geçit töreni yapalım." ifadelerinin yer aldığı marşlar okudukları ortaya çıkmıştı.

http://www.bugun.com.tr/haber-detay/97419-yunan-ordusundan-savas-tamtamlari-haberi.aspx

Türkiye'nin gücü devleri korkutuyor

Alman Marshall Fonu, "Türkiye Ortadoğu ve ötesinde gittikçe yükselen bir oyuncu, bu da korku yaratıyor" dedi

29 Mart 2010 Pazartesi, 10:48:22

GMF’nin düzenlediği Brüksel Forumu için hazırlanan raporda, “Türkiye artık Soğuk Savaş’ın siperi ya da Batı’nın çıkarlarını yansıtan bir köprü değil. Orta Doğu ve daha ötesinde gittikçe yükselen bir oyuncu. Bu durumun ABD ve Avrupa’da yarattığı korku, Batı’nın Türkiye’yi kaybetmekte olduğu düşüncesini doğurdu” denildi.

Türkiye AB'yi istemeyebilir

Bağımsız bir aktör haline gelen Türkiye’nin ABD ve AB için de artı değer taşıdığı vurgulandığı rapor, Transatlantik Akademisi araştırmacıları Kemal Kirişçi, Nathalie Tocci ve Joshua Walker tarafından kaleme alındı. Raporda, “Eğer katılım süreci yeniden canlanırsa ve güven yeniden tesis edilirse yolun sonunda pekala Ankara, AB ile, Norveç ve İsviçre’nin anlaşmalarına benzer düzenlemeleri tercih edebilir. Bu sayede Türkiye çevresinin ekonomik, kültürel, siyasi ve sosyal merkezi olmayı sürdürebilecek ve bundan AB, Türkiye ve komşuları faydalanacaktır” denildi.

http://ekonomi.haberturk.com/makro-ekonomi/haber/503974-turkiyenin-gucu-devleri-korkutuyor

Oops! Will the US Air Force lose Joint STARS?

I believe I have seen the future replacement for the E-8C Joint STARS fleet (shown pictured), and it’s not going to be a US Air Force aircraft.

The US Navy is preparing to replace the EP-3E ARIES II, an electronic intelligence aircraft, with a new-start acquisition program called EPX.

But the navy’s requirements for EPX call for an aircraft that would not only spy on enemy electronic signals, like the EP-3E, but also find and track moving targets, like the E-8C.

Interestingly, the EPX program of record will acquire 19 to 26 aircraft to replace only 11 EP-3Es flying today. At the high end of that range, 26 aircraft would nicely replace all 11 EP-3Es and all 17 E-8Cs in service. (One E-8C is a testbed, and doesn’t count.)

If the air force can’t pay for an E-8C replacement to appear after 2015, or even to modernize the radar on the current fleet, watch for the navy to steal this mission with the EPX. It’s the roles and missions equivalent of a pick-pocketing.

And it’s happened before. In 1998, the air force lost the EC-135 Looking Glass mission to the navy’s E-6 take-charge-and-move-out (TACAMO) aircraft. Now, it’s happening again, unless the air force acts very quickly.

This all became clear to me during my weeklong tour of Boeing’s defense sites based in the Pacific Northwest. Paul Summers, Boeing’s capture lead for EPX, briefed reporters about the navy’s requirements, explaining that the size of the future EPX fleet had grown from 14–19 aircraft to 19–26 aircraft since last year.

The obvious question later occurred to me: Why does the navy need 26 EPX aircraft to replace 11 EP-3Es. Clearly, the navy has bigger ideas for this fleet.

Paul also discussed the new radar for the EPX. This in itself is noteworthy. The EP-3E does not have a radar. The aircraft intercepts and maps enemy communications and other electronic transmissions.

We’ve known for about a year that Boeing and Raytheon have installed the new littoral surveillance radar systems (LSRS) on a subset of the P-3C fleet, giving the navy its own mini-Joint STARS capability.

It is now clear that the LSRS is the proverbial trojan horse, injecting the navy into the Joint STARS business for the long-term.

Paul also explained that Boeing will consider the LSRS or another radar for EPX. The only possible alternative is a new variant of Northrop Grumman’s wide area surveillance sensor developed under the multi-platform radar technology insertion program (MP-RTIP).

This will force Northrop to make a tough choice. Northrop, you see, is the prime contractor the E-8C, so it has everything to lose if the navy takes over the mission. However, if the company decides to join Boeing’s EPX bid, that could be a signal that it believes the air force will never get around to replacing the E-8C.

The navy has money in the budget beginning next year to launch EPX. The air force has no funds to replace E-8Cs for the foreseeable future, and now faces a potentially disruptive leadership transition.

I’m not a betting man, but, if I was in Northrop’s position, I know where I’d place my bet.

The air force has only itself to blame. The folly of the E-10 program, which spectacularly failed to combine an E-8C, and E-3A AWACS and an airborne operations center onto the same platform, has left the air force without a discernible plan to replace its aging fleets of 707-based aircraft.

The air force’s only hope to stay in the E-8C business may be to observe the adage: if you can’t beat them, join them.

Establishing a true “joint” partnership to acquire and operate a new fleet of narrowbody-class aircraft to serve all of the specialized missions performed today by 707s looks like the only way back in. (This idea also has the charm of making sense.)

Indeed, it has been proposed several times in the past. The only difference now is that the air force won’t be calling the shots.

The navy, meanwhile, is not in this position merely through good fortune.

In 2004, the navy picked the Boeing P-8A — based on the 737-800ERX — to replace the P-3C, giving itself a versatile and capable platform to expand into new missions.

That’s not to say that Boeing won’t have to face challengers to win the EPX contract. The navy is inviting other companies to compete for EPX, but it will be difficult for the Airbus A320 and the Embraer E190 to overcome the incumbent advantages of the P-8A.

Paul Summers told us that Boeing had to make more than 50 modifications costing $1 billion to simply adapt the basic 737 airframe to meet the navy’s more demanding certification requirements. The A320 and the E190 would face similar costs, possibly killing the chances for holding a fair airframe competition on EPX.

I expect that the navy will try to level the playing field in other ways. Perhaps, the navy will select the P-8A as the baseline platform and invite bidders — including Boeing, Lockheed Martin and Northrop — to compete for the systems integrator role.
– Steve Trimble
http://defensetech.org/2008/06/09/oops-will-the-us-air-force-lose-joint-stars/

USAF Eyes Navy's P-8 To Serve JSTARS Role

Source: DefenseNews
USS San Jacinto, part of the USS Theodore Roosevelt Strike Group, makeing a port call at Marmaris, Turkey, 16 FEB 2006. Foto:Cem Hosgor

TDzK SM-1 Bakım Anlaşmaları Bilgileri

Gabya sınıfı Fırkateynlerimizdeki Standart Missile 1'lerin ve motorlarının bakımı , idamesi ile ilgili olarak yapılmış bulunun kontratların bilgisi:

1-
May 13/05: Raytheon Co. in Tucson, AZ is being awarded an $11.2 million firm-fixed-price contract to provide Full Service Support (FSS) for the Standard Missile-1 (SM-1) program of U.S. Allied Nations. This contract combines purchases for the countries of Egypt (43%), Taiwan (26%); Spain (10%); Japan (6%); Turkey (6%) ; France (3%); Italy (3%); Bahrain (1%); Netherlands (1%); and Poland (1%) under the Foreign Military Sales Program

This contract was not competitively procured. Work will be performed in Sacramento, CA (67%) and Tucson, AZ (33%), and the contract will expire before the end of September 2006 (N00024-05-C-5341).

2-
Nov 13/06: A $31.9 million firm-fixed-price modification under previously awarded contract (N00024-05-C-5341), exercising an option to procure Full Service Support (FSS) requirements in support of the STANDARD Missile-1 (SM-1) Program of U.S. Allied Nations. This SM-1 FSS FY 2007 option exercise consists of MK56 Dual Thrust Rocket Motor (DTRM) Regrain production and SM-1 Block VIA missile assembly, testing and delivery.

This effort combines requirements for the Governments of France (24%); Japan (16%); Turkey (16%); Bahrain (15%); Poland (12%); Italy (11%); and Chile (6%) under the Foreign Military Sales Program. Work will be performed in Camden, AK (85%) and Tucson, AZ (15%), and is expected to be complete by June 2009.

http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/raytheons-standard-missile-naval-defense-family-updated-02919/#more-2919

MTU supplies engines for Turkish landing ships

25, 2010


*16 Series 4000 engines power eight new landing ships for the Turkish Navy


*Contract includes gearboxes and MTU ship automation systems

*Successful cooperation with the Turkish Navy for almost thirty years

Friedrichshafen/Istanbul, 25 March 2010. The Tognum subsidiary MTU Turkey will supply, from June 2010, a total of 16 MTU Series 4000 engines to power eight Turkish landing ships for transporting tanks and vehicles. The supply scope of the order placed by SSM, the Turkish government authority, with MTU Turkey also includes the gearboxes and “Bluevision”, MTU ship automation systems for propulsion control.

Turkey fully directed development of the landing ships, each of which will be powered by two MTU 16V 4000 M70 diesel engines with a total output of 4,640 kW (6,222 bhp), capable of accelerating the ships to a speed of 20 knots. The ships are being built at the Turkish ADIK shipyard in Istanbul and the engines are to be delivered between June 2010 and the end of 2012. The technical training of crews, maintenance, and logistical support for the marine propulsion systems will be provided by MTU Turkey.

Landing ships serve to transport troops and technical equipment by sea, also to secure reinforcements and deliver tanks and other vehicles to otherwise inaccessible coastal areas. They are likewise used to support humanitarian operations, the need for which arises due to, for example, the frequently occurring earthquakes in the region.

The Turkish Navy has endorsed MTU’s reliable, powerful and solidly built propulsion systems for almost thirty years. As part of its modernization program, the Turkish naval force is to equip vessels such as MILGEM-class corvettes or Kilic fast attack boats with MTU propulsion plants


http://www.tognum.com/press/press-releases/presse-detail/news/mtu_supplies_engines_for_turkish_landing_ships/news_smode/text/cHash/660815fefb/

Explosion Sinks S. Korean Ship Near N. Korea Border

SEOUL, South Korea - A South Korean warship with 104 people on board sank near the North Korean border late March 26 after an unexplained explosion, military officials said, and one report said about 40 sailors were missing.



The Seoul government called an emergency security meeting, but military officials said there was no indication so far that the North was involved

The Yonhap news agency, quoting unidentified military officials, said about 40 people were feared missing after the blast tore a hole in the hull of the 1,200-ton corvette Cheonan.

The military said earlier that 58 people had been rescued and gave no update on that figure early March 27.

A spokesman for the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) said he could not confirm the Yonhap report, but indicated that many crewmen were missing. He said official casualty figures would be announced March 27.

The news agency said a navy team would dive after daybreak to investigate the cause of the sinking and possibly retrieve bodies.

The Cheonan sank late in the evening near Baengnyeong island in the Yellow Sea, located between the Korean peninsula and China to the west.

Media reports said six naval ships, two Coast Guard vessels and four other craft were involved in the rescue operation.

"Rescue operations are still underway," the JCS spokesman said. "There is no clue yet on any North Korean involvement."

The JCS said there were no abnormal military movements on the North Korean side of the disputed maritime border, the scene of deadly naval clashes in 1999 and 2002.

Several bodies were retrieved, Yonhap said, without giving an exact figure. Seven crewmembers were airlifted to the hospital.

"For now, it is not certain whether North Korea is related" to the incident, presidential spokeswoman Kim Eun-Hye said, adding President Lee Myung-Bak had ordered maximum efforts to rescue the crewmen.

"Finding the truth [behind the incident] is important, but saving our sailors is more important," the president said.

Another emergency meeting was to be held March 27.

A government source quoted by local media said officials were investigating various possible causes: an attack by a North Korean torpedo boat, a mine or an explosion of munitions aboard the ship.

The ship was well south of the disputed border and North Korean ships were not likely to be in the area, a presidential official said.

In November, the navies of the two nations exchanged fire in the area. Seoul's officials said a North Korean patrol boat had retreated in flames but its casualties were unknown. No South Koreans were hurt.

The North refuses to accept the maritime border known as the Northern Limit Line, which was drawn up by United Nations forces after the 1950-53 Korean war. It says the line should run further to the south.

In January the North fired 370 artillery shells into the sea near the border, raising tensions between the two sides.

In an indication of sensitivities around the peninsula, Taiwan to the south activated its national security mechanism and President Ma Ying-jeou ordered close monitoring of the situation after the sinking, Taiwan's official Central News Agency reported.

http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4556313&c=ASI&s=SEA

Pak negotiating with US for 14 more F-16 fighters

ISLAMABAD (PTI): Pakistan is negotiating with the US to get fourteen F-16 combat aircraft in addition to the 18 fighters whose delivery will begin later this year, air force chief Air Chief Marshal Rao Qamar Suleman said on Saturday.


The Pakistan Air Force will start receiving a batch of 18 of the latest version of F-16 fighters fitted with beyond visual range (BVR) missile systems by June.

Pakistan has been negotiating with the US to get another lot of 14 F-16s of the same version and other modern gadgets and weapons, Suleman said.

"Our wish list is unending but we are heading with a realistic approach," he told a news briefing at the Air Headquarters here.

He was responding to a question about the PAF's wish list for the US.

Suleman did not disclose the number of BVR systems being acquired from the US.

Pakistan had signed a contract with the US government for 18 F-16 C/D aircraft in September 2006.

The first batch of these fighters was rolled out in the US in October last year. The delivery of all 18 aircraft is planned to be completed by December this year.

Over the past three years, the US has also provided 14 F-16 fighters as part of its security assistance to Pakistan.

In response to another question, Suleman said the PAF's existing fleet of F-16s will be upgraded to the level of Block 52 series with US aid in Turkey.

The project will begin in September and will be completed by 2014.

Suleman also briefed the media on the ongoing High Mark 2010 exercise, saying the army and navy were participating in a wargame with the PAF for the first time to develop integration and joint preparedness.

The JF-17 Thunder jet, which is also part of the exercise, had been performing better than expected, he said.

Pakistan and China jointly developed the JF-17.

The significance of the High Mark exercise can be gauged from the fact that the PAF had engaged all its assets, especially aircraft that were recently inducted in its inventory, including the Saab-2000 early warning and control system and Il-78 air-to-air refuellers.

The exercise is being conducted in a "near to real situation" to train fighter pilots to avoid collateral damage during the anti-terrorist operations, Suleman said.

The exercise focuses on dealing with threats from traditional rivals and a "potential unconventional enemy", he added.

http://www.brahmand.com/news/Pak-negotiating-with-US-for-14-more-F-16-fighters/3480/1/11.html

Russia may showcase its 'Super Tank' in arms show'10

MOSCOW (BNS):
 
Russia may showcase its new main battle tank (MBT), the T-95 at the arms show in the Urals Region in summer 2010, a media report said.

Russia will become the first country in the world to have the 5th-generartion MBT if its military confirms the commission of vehicle in the army.

"The work on the project has been conducted for many years. If the government gives us a 'green light' we will exhibit the tank at the [Russian Expo Arms 2010] arms show in Nizhny Tagil this summer," RIA Novosti quoted General Director of the Uralvagonzavod plant Oleg Siyenko as saying.

"I cannot disclose the characteristics of the tank, but I can assure you that we have met all the requirements put forward by the military," he said.

The new main battle tank (MBT) will weigh about 55 tons and its speed will increase from 30-50 kph to 50-65 kph (19-31 mph to 31-40 mph). It may be also equipped with a 152-mm smoothbore gun capable of firing guided missiles with a range of 6,000-7,000 meters, the report said.

T-95 (MBT) will also feature better firepower, maneuverability, electronics and armor protection than Russia's latest T-90 MBT or comparable foreign models.

According to the Russian military, the T-90 MBT will be the backbone of the armored units until 2025.

100 T-90 MBTs are produced in Russia annually and it plans to set up at least 1,500 MBT vehicles in service with the Ground Forces.

Russian Air Defence Caucasus Region - Rusya Kafkasya Hava Savunması








 
36D6   TinShield,  64N6  Big Bird, 22Zh6 Tin Trap, 55Zh6 Tall Rack, P-14  Tall King, P-35/37 Bar Lock, P-80 Back Net
Ref: IMINT & Analysis        http://geimint.blogspot.com/

Armenian Air Defense - Ermenistan Hava Savunması

War Games-2

26 Mart 2010 Cuma

Russia conducts Navy anti-submarine drills in Sea of Japan

10:2824/03/2010

A mixed task force from the Russian Pacific Fleet started on Wednesday a series of anti-submarine warfare (ASW) drills in the Sea of Japan, a fleet spokesman said.

"Two task forces comprising missile destroyers and diesel-powered submarines are taking part in the drills in line with a regular training program," Capt. 1st Rank Roman Martov said.

The exercises involve a number of search-and-destroy missions, simulated torpedo attacks and live-fire drills with on-board artillery and air defense systems.

The Admiral Tributs and Admiral Vinogradov destroyers, which carried out patrol missions in the Gulf of Aden as part of international efforts to fight sea piracy, will take part in the drills.

According to Martov, the exercises will culminate with a "battle" between the destroyers and submarines, when the surface ships attempt to thwart "a surprise attack from the deep."

Russia's Pacific Fleet has a missile cruiser, five destroyers and a large number of submarines in service. Its anti-submarine warfare aircraft include Tu-142 Bear F and Il-38 May planes, and Ka-27 Helix D helicopters.

VLADIVOSTOK, March 24 (RIA Novosti)

http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100324/158295950.html

France Sends 10 Ships, 30 Aircraft On NATO Exercise

By Pierre Tran

PARIS - The French Navy is sending 10 warships and 30 aircraft as part of France's contribution to the forthcoming NATO exercise Brilliant Mariner, intended to certify the maritime component in the NATO Response Force (NRF), Adm. Jean-Louis Kérignard said March 25.

The strong naval participation reflects France's support for the NRF effort, which Paris sees as a tool for transformation and interoperability but does not extend to deployment in Afghanistan, said Army Gen. Philippe Got.

"This is the first time the French Navy sends so many ships," Kérignard said. "There will be a high French visibility. There is a lot at stake."

Kérignard is the commander of the French maritime high readiness force, based at Toulon, and will command the overall Brilliant Mariner exercise, which includes 36 surface vessels, four submarines and 31 aircraft from 11 NATO countries. Sweden, which is not a NATO member, has been invited to take part and is sending two corvettes and a minehunter.

The French deployment includes the Charles de Gaulle carrier carrying 19 fighter aircraft - seven Rafales and 12 Super Etendards - along with two Hawkeye spy planes, the Mistral projection and command ship, and a nuclear attack submarine, the Emeraude.

The exercise will run from April 12-22 and is intended to qualify the maritime component for a six-month period of standby from July 1. The objective of the exercise will be to stabilize the situation in the fictitious region of Cesaria, with the fleet and its air arm responding to scenarios crafted to reflect current events, including piracy, ethnic cleansing and terrorist threats.

Part of the exercise will include responding to the Visby stealth corvettes operated by the Swedish Navy. Denmark will field F-16 fighters, tasked from the NATO Brilliant Ardent land exercise to be held in Germany at the same time.

The U.S. Navy is sending the frigate Boone and an Orion P-3 maritime patrol aircraft.

Germany and Denmark are hosting the exercise, which will take place in the North Sea.

http://www.wikimapia.org/#lat=56.3409012&lon=5.9326172&z=5&l=36&m=b&v=1

The French ships will sail from Toulon to join the other elements in the operational zone. Kérignard said it would be the first time he will sail in those waters. On the way to the exercise area, the French task force will train with the Spanish Navy, which will deploy surface ships, and on the return journey the task force will train with the British Royal Navy, which is expected to sail a Type 45 Daring class destroyer.

The French support for the NRF is based on the original concept of a quick reaction force for deployment outside the European theater, Got said. That doctrine does not extend to using the force to meet operational requirements in the Afghan theater, as the United States and Britain would like to see. Other European nations in the Alliance share the French position, which is that the reaction force is on standby to meet emerging crises, he said.

http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4554671&c=EUR

Current & upcoming military exercises and events © 2010 - Mysteryship

01MAR10 02APR10 UAV DEPLOYED FORCE Belgium UAV exercise with 3 B-Hunters operating out of Florennes.

11MAR10 02APR10 ABT 2010 Portugal Airlift Block Training at the Portuguese Air Force manoeuvres airfield Ovar.

15MAR10 26MAR10 CAMPAGNE GE 2010-03 France Regional air exercise in the area of St Dizier.

15MAR10 26MAR10 LOW RIDER United Kingdom Air exercise in the Donna Nook Range airspace.

22MAR10 26MAR10 PEGASUS GROUNDHOG United Kingdom Helicopter exercise in Low Fly Areas 8, 11, 12, 13 and 17.

22MAR10 01APR10 TAC BLAZE 2010-1 United Kingdom RNlAF pre-deployment air exercise in Low Fly Areas 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17 and 18.

22MAR10 02APR10 CASEX P2-2010 France Regional CAS exercise in the Condom area.

22MAR10 02APR10 SPOT France National exercise.

23MAR10 06APR10 NAVARRE 2010-02 France Regional air exercise in the area of Luxeuil.

24MAR10 27MAR10 AXAT 10 France French Navy air exercise from aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle in the Axat area.

24MAR10 01APR10 MAGNAN 2010-02 France Regional army/air exercise in the LF-R196 area including fighter aircraft and helicopters.

26MAR10 26MAR10 COMSATBW-2 LAUNCH French Guiana Launch of the German Defense satellite "COMSATBw-2" from the Guiana Space Center.

29MAR10 01APR10 STEPHANE France Regional Air/Ground support exercise in the LF-R221(Briançon area).

29MAR10 06APR10 ALBATROS 2010-01 France French navy CAS and AI exercise in the Saint-Athon area, flow from aircraft carrier De Gaullle.

30MAR10 01APR10 WYCOMBE WARRIOR 2010-01 United Kingdom Medium scale muli-national air exercise in the north of England and southern Scotland.

06APR10 09APR10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-01 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the De Peel area.

06APR10 09APR10 COBALT France Regional exercise in the Brest FIR.

06APR10 28MAY10 ASTER France National exercise in the Brest and Bordeaux FIR's.

08APR10 08APR10 THUNDER POWER 2010-02 France Regional air exercise in the area of Ussel (LF-R68 and LF-R203C).

08APR10 23APR10 CROIX DU SUD 2010 South Pacific Joint navy/army/air exercise led by the French "Forces Armées de la Nouvelle Calédonie" (FANC).

08APR10 06AUG10 NAVARRE 2010-03 France Regional air exercise in the area of Luxeuil.

12APR10 22APR10 BRILLIANT ARDENT 2010 Germany Large scale NATO air exercise.

12APR10 22APR10 BRILLIANT MARINER 2010 Denmark / Germany Large scale NATO/NRF maritime exercises.

12APR10 23APR10 FORTEL 2010 France National exercise "FORces en TErrain Libre" in the Paris and Reims FIR's.

12APR10 23APR10 FRISIAN FLAG 2010 The Netherlands International air exercise.

12APR10 23APR10 JOINT WARRIOR 101 United Kingdom Large scale national air/maritime exercise.

13APR10 16APR10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-01 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the Marnewaard area.

14APR10 14APR10 EAGLE TALON Poland Air defense exercise involving an E-3 AWACS.

19APR10 23APR10 GREEN HILL 2010-01 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Saint-Hubert airfield.

19APR10 23APR10 OMLT KANDAK Belgium Operational Mentor and Liaison Team CAS exercise in support of the Afghan National Army.

26APR10 30APR10 POPPY 2010-03 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Saint-Hubert airfield.

26APR10 07MAY10 CASEX P3-2010 France Regional CAS exercise in the Reims FIR.

26APR10 21MAY10 TLP 2010-3 Spain NATO Tactical Leadership Program Albacete.

27APR10 29APR10 CARTER 2010 France National air exercise in the Bordeaux and Marseille FIR's.

28APR10 30JUN10 MAGNAN 2010-03 France Regional army/air exercise in the LF-R196 area including fighter aircraft and helicopters.

29APR10 29APR10 THUNDER POWER 2010-02 France Regional air exercise in the area of Ussel (LF-R68 and LF-R203C).

10MAY10 12MAY10 VOLFAS - BACCARA 2010 France National air exercise in the Bordeaux and Marseille FIR's.

10MAY10 28MAY10 CASEX P4-2010 France Regional CAS exercise.

17MAY10 21MAY10 SAR MEET 2010 Belgium SAR Meet at Koksijde air base.

17MAY10 21MAY10 POPPY 2010-04 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Bertrix airfield.

17MAY10 21MAY10 VIF 2010-02 France Regional air exercise "Vol d’instruction des Forces", Forces Instruction Flights in the Bordeaux FIR.

17MAY10 21MAY10 VOLFA 2010-03 France Regional air exercise.

25MAY10 26MAY10 MREX OMLT Belgium Operational Mentor and Liaison Team CAS Mission Rehearsal EXercise in support of the Afghan National Army.

31MAY10 11JUN10 VOLCANEX 10 Norway EAG exercise at Orland air base.

01JUN10 04JUN10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-02 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the De Peel area.

01JUN10 11JUN10 REGHAIA France National exercise in the Paris and Reims FIR's

JUN10 JUN10 52FW NATO TACEVAL Germany NATO Tactical Evaluation of Spangdahlem's 52FW.

07JUN10 02JUL10 ESPADON France International exercise over the Atlantic Ocean including live missile firing under control of the missile test center (CELM) at Biscarrosse.

08JUN10 11JUN10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-02 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the Marnewaard area.

14JUN10 18JUN10 GREEN HILL 2010-02 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Saint-Hubert airfield.

14JUN10 25JUN10 GARUDA 2010 France Indo-French air exercise in the Brest and Bordeaux FIR's.

17JUN10 01JUL10 ELITE 2010 Germany Electronic LIve Training Exercise in southern Germany.

21JUN10 25JUN10 COLIBRI France Regional exercise.

21JUN10 25JUN10 RINGO RANGE 52-2 Belgium National CAS exercise in the Elsenborn area.

21JUN10 25JUN10 VOLFA 2010-04 France Regional air exercise.

23JUN10 25JUN10 POKER 2010-02 France Large scale national night time air exercise.

28JUN10 02JUL10 COBALT France Regional exercise in the Paris FIR.

28JUN10 09JUL10 CASEX P5-2010 France Regional CAS exercise in the Reims FIR.

28JUN10 09JUL10 CHOUCHEN France Joint air / maritime exercise in the Brest FIR.

JUL10 JUL10 FRUKUS 2010 United Kingdom Annual French / Russian / UK / US navy exercise. Ships will get gather in Plymouth.

13JUL10 16JUL10 ADVANCED WINDMILL 2010-02 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the De Peel area.

19JUL10 21JUL10 BELOTE 2010-02 France Large scale national night time air exercise.

19JUL10 30JUL10 CASEX P6-2010 France Regional CAS exercise in the Paris and Reims FIR.

16AUG10 27AUG10 DANEX 10 Denmark Large scale national maritime/air exercise.

06SEP10 10SEP10 VIF 2010-03 France Regional air exercise "Vol d’instruction des Forces", Forces Instruction Flights in the Bordeaux FIR.

13SEP10 08OCT10 TLP 2010-5 Spain NATO Tactical Leadership Program Albacete.

15SEP10 29SEP10 CJPRSC 10 Germany EAG Combined Joint Personel Recovery Standardization Course at Lechfeld air base.

20SEP10 24SEP10 ALBATROS 2010-02 France French navy CAS and AI exercise in the Bordeaux FIR.

20SEP10 24SEP10 POPPY 2010-05 Belgium National CAS exercsie in the area of Marche-en-Famenne.

20SEP10 24SEP10 VOLFA 2010-05 France Regional air exercise.

20SEP10 01OCT10 CAMPAGNE GE 2010-02 France Multinational air exercise in the Paris and Reims FIR's.

27SEP10 29SEP10 POKER 2010-03 France Large scale national night time air exercise.

27SEP10 08OCT10 CASEX P7-2010 France Regional CAS exercise in the Marseille FIR.

04OCT10 15OCT10 NATO TIGER MEET 2010 The Netherlands NATO Tiger Meet at Volkel air base.

04OCT10 15OCT10 SERPENTEX 2010-02 France Regional air exercises over the island of Corsica.

04OCT10 22OCT10 GORGONE France Regional exercise in the Bordeaux FIR.

04OCT10 22OCT10 JOINT WARRIOR 102 United Kingdom Large scale national air/maritime exercise.

05OCT10 08OCT10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-03 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the De Peel area.

12OCT10 15OCT10 BASIC WINDMILL 2010-03 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the Marnewaard area.

18OCT10 22OCT10 GREEN HILL 2010-03 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Saint-Hubert airfield.

18OCT10 29OCT10 AIREX 2010 France Large scale national air exercise.

25OCT10 29OCT10 PERFOH France Regional exercise in the Bordeaux FIR.

25OCT10 29OCT10 RINGO RANGE 52-3 Belgium National CAS exercise in the Elsenborn area.

08NOV10 10NOV10 BELOTE 2010-03 France Large scale national night time air exercise.

08NOV10 03DEC10 TLP 2010-6 Spain NATO Tactical Leadership Program Albacete.

15NOV10 19NOV10 VOLFA 2010-06 France National air exercise.

16NOV10 19NOV10 ADVANCED WINDMILL 2010-03 The Netherlands National CAS exercise within the De Peel area.

17NOV10 17NOV10 EAGLE TALON Poland Air defense exercise involving an E-3 AWACS.

22NOV10 26NOV10 POPPY 2010-06 Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Bertrix airfield.

29NOV10 01DEC10 POKER 2010-04 France Large scale national night time air exercise.

06DEC10 10DEC10 RINGO RANGE 52-4 Belgium National CAS exercise in the Elsenborn area.

13DEC10 17DEC10 ENGINEER VICTORY Belgium National CAS exercise in the area of Marche-en-Famenne.

http://home.tiscali.nl/mysteryship/exercises/comingexercises.html

Pak Navy to acquire seven submarines to meet challenges posed by India

Islamabad, Mar.26 (ANI):

The Pakistan Navy is likely to acquire seven ‘conventional’ submarines and is in discussions with China and France for finalising the deal.


According to sources, negotiations are also on with Germany to purchase three U-214 type submarines.

Sources within the Pakistan Navy said that a high level naval delegation would be visiting France next week to finalise the deal with French DCN Company for Marline submarines.

Islamabad is deeply interested in acquiring four Chinese Yuan and Song Class and three French Marlin class latest diesel electric conventional submarines in a bid to meet the challenge from the rapidly expanding Indian navy, The Dawn quoted sources, as saying.

It is pertinent to mention here that a German company-HDW had drawn up technical specifications for three U-214 submarines, and a billion dollar contract was almost finalised, but the deal could not materialise due to some unknown reasons. (ANI)

http://www.sindhtoday.net/news/2/120830.htm

Zvezdochka to upgrade fifth Indian diesel electric sub

23.03.2010

Zvezdochka Ship Repair Center (Severodvinsk) will upgrade fifth diesel electric submarine of Indian Navy, reported the shipyard's press service.

According to the shipyard' director Vladimir Nikitin, "right now, department of military technical cooperation intensively prepares to that event. All contractual docs have been sent to Delhi. Next come complicated price talks".

Zvezdochka experts have already performed troubleshooting and certification of Project 877EKM diesel electric sub Sindurakshak (stands for "Sea Giant"), developed and coordinated repair documents with the customer. The sub is to be transferred to Severodvinsk in June.

Specialized in repair and utilization of nuclear subs, Zvezdochka shipyard has upgraded four diesel electric subs by order of Indian Navy. The shipyard experts also perform overhaul and modernization of similar submarine – INS Sindukirti – at her basing site, Vishakhapatnam, India.

All those Russian-built subs are of Project 887EKM (on NATO classification – Kilo) designed by Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering (St. Petersburg). They are used for antisubmarine and antisurface warfare as well as for defense of naval bases, coastal and sea lanes, reconnaissance and patrol activities. Such submarines have displacement of 2,300 tons; length of 72.6 meters; submerged speed of 19 knots (about 35 kph); diving depth of 300 meters; crew of 52 men; endurance of 45 days. Kilo-class submarines are armed with six 533-mm torpedo tubes.

In the course of modernization submarines are equipped with present-day Russian cruise missile system Club-S with operating range of about 200 km, new Indian sonar equipment and radio communication systems.

http://www.rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=8967

25 Mart 2010 Perşembe

RIM-66/67/156/300 Standard Missile 1/2/3/4/5

Type

Area defence system (limited anti-ship capability)

Development

The Standard Missile (SM) family (officially written SATNDARD) evolved from several missile system programmes of the late 1940s generally known as 3-T. The system (missiles, launchers, weapon direction systems and radars) were RIM-2 Terrier (which entered service in 1954). RIM-8 Talos (1957) and RIM-24 Tartar (1962) the last being a shorter ranged cousin of Terrier. They were used extensively both by the US Navy and foreign customers and their supporting systems often remain in service, all the missiles have been replaced by the SM family.

This evolved because concern about reaction times and system reliability with the 3-T generation and as early as 1958 a replacement dubbed Super Talos/Super Terrier (later Typhoon) began development.

Rather than have separate missiles for the medium- and long-range requirements it was decided to concentrate upon one standard missile whose range could be extended with a booster. The Typhoon programme proved both too ambitious and too costly and it was therefore abandoned in December 1963 in favour of a simpler system which became Aegis. However the chief of Naval Operations had inaugurated a log-term research and development project to address missile problems and it was decided to approach the missile requirement using the standard missile philosophy of Typhon.

Development of what became the Standard Missile began in December 1964 with the award of a 13 million USD contract to General Dynamics for both Medium- Range (MR) and Extended-Range (ER) versions. The technical foundations for the former was the Improved Tartar Retrofit (RIM-24C) and for the latter the Homing Terrier 3 or HT-3 (RIM-2F), both of which benefited from scientific advances during the 1960s. In March 1967, General Dynamic’s Pomona Division was awarded a contract for full-scale production of the new missile. The first version to enter service, in 1968 was the SM-1 block IV (there were no Block I or Block II missiles while Block III were pre-production standard) and it was followed by Block V (1969-1974) and Block VI (1986-1996).

The SM-1 was exported to some nine countries and, with the sale of older US warships, it is likely there will be further export sales.

From 1970, a desire to improve the US Navy’s anti-ship capability led to the adaptation of SM-1 to the surface-to-surface role. The first version was the Surface-to-Surface Missile, Anti-Radiation Missile (SSM ARM) or RGM-66D with test firings from an ‘Asheville’ (PG 84) class FAC in 1971 and was purchased by Korea but was withdrawn from service circa 1997-1998. The surface-to-air missile was later used by destroyers and frigates as an interim measure pending the arrival of Harpoon whose superior performance prevented the active seeker anti-ship version of Standard (RGM-66F) from entering service. The conventional SM-1 has always had an anti-ship role and on 18 April 1988 the cruiser USS Wainwright (CG 28) and frigate USS Simpson (FFG 56) launched five SM-1 at the Iranian ‘Combatante II’ class FAC Joshan and sank her.

Development of the longer ranged SM-2 missile for cruiser and destroyer use began in 1969 with a view to use with the Aegis system and for this reason the missile incorporates a mid-course guidance capability. Production began in 1977 and the Block I missile entered service in 1979 as an interim weapon pending introduction of Block II for cruisers which had not received the New Threat Upgrade (NTU) package as well as for the Baseline 0-1 ‘Ticonderoga’ (CG 47) class cruisers. Charles F Adams (DDG 2) and Coontz (DDG 38) class destroyers. It is no longer operational.

The first major production version has been the Block II (which entered service in 1984) whose MR weapons were for ‘Ticonderoga’ class cruisers. NTU cruisers of the ‘California’ (CGN 36) and ‘Virginia’ (CGN 38) class as well as the ‘Arleigh Burke’ (DDG 51) and ‘Kidd’ (DDG 993)class destroyers. Plans existed to introduce SM-2 Block II into the ‘Oliver Hazard Perry’ (FFG 7) class frigates but they were not implemented. The ER weapons were designed for use in the ‘Long Beach’ (CGN 9), ‘Leahy’ (CG 16), ‘Belknap’ (CG 26), ‘Bainbridge’ (CGN 25) and ‘Truxtun’ (CGN 35) classes as well as the destroyer USS Mahan (DDG 42). All of these ships have now been decommissioned. The Block III missiles entered service in 1990 and replaced Block III weapons in cruise destroyers, the Block IIIB weapons benefitting from the Missile Homing Improvement Programme (MHIP).

Development of the Block IV missiles began in July 1987. These are dedicated vertically launched ER weapons for the ‘Ticonderoga’ and ‘Arleigh Burke’ class ships with land testing beginning in May 1992 and sea trials conducted by the USS Lake Eire (CG 70) from July 1994 with 12 missiles. In the first stage they were used to engage subsonic and supersonic targets with and without electronic jamming while the second stage involved engagements against subsonic sea-skimming BQM-34 drones. In addition to the conventional air defence role, the BLOCKIVA missiles will have a Theater Ballistic Missile Defence (TBMD) role by providing the ‘lower tier’ or endo-atmospheric system in support of Littoral Warfare operations. On 24 January 1997 a Block IVA developmental test round intercepted and destroyed a Lance ballistic missile at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. Although primarily for the US Navy these missiles may also be offered to certain allies and the Royal Netherlands Navy is reported to have expressed an interest in them.

For the US Navy’s Theater Wide (NTW) TBMD or ‘upper tier’ it is planned to provide the ‘Ticonderoga’ class cruisers with vertical launch systems with SM-3s (formerly) SM-X) carrying a Lightweight Exo-Atmospheric Projectile (LEAP) Kinetic Warhead (KW) (formerly Kinetic Kill Vehicle or KKV) to meet longer range ballistic missile threats. A series of demonstration tests or Functional Technology Validation (FTV) have been carried out with Rockwell and Hughes contenders. FTV-1 from the USS Richmond K Turner (CG 20) was in September 1992 using a modified Terrier missile while a year later the USS Jouett (CG 29) used a SM-2 Block III for FTV-2. The Richmond K Turner was subsequently used for FTV-3 and FTV-4 in March 1995.

Official and family designations of the missiles are listed below.

Note: The Terrier weapon system was removed for US Navy service in 1995 as was RIM-66C (SM-2MR Block I), SM-1 Block VI subversions are E-1/3/7/8.

Glossary:
RLS = Rail Launch System
VLS = Vertical Launch System
WS = Weapon System

Plans existed for an RGM-66D fired from an ASROC launcher as RGM-66E but this remained on the drawing board as did proposals for the nuclear tipped SM-2N (RIM-67N) anti-ballistic missile and SM-2ER air defence missile with W81 nuclear warhead.

The Standard Missile was dual sourced between General Dynamics Pomona Division (which became part of Hughes Aircraft Company in 1992 and part of Raytheon Missile Systems Division but in February 1995 they pooled their resources to create the Standard Missile Company (SMCo) to develop and to produce these weapons.

The first Standard produced by SMCo, a Block IIIA missile was accepted by the US Navy in April 1997. The surface-to-air versions currently in service, or about to enter service, are shown below.

With US Navy demands for improvement in Naval Surface Fire Support, a new land-attack missile requirement has emerged as part of the Mid-term solution for deployment circa 2006. Since 1993 there have been proposals for a Land-Attack Standard Missile (formerly Strike Standard Missile) or LASM with nine SADARM anti-armour submunitions and added GPS guidance as well as a Supersonic Sea-Skimming Target (SSST) and a Theater Ballistic Missile Target (TBMT). Plans now exist for a demonstration programme for both involving three SSST and four Strike launchers between 1997 and 1998. If Standard is selected for SSST there would be 22 qualification and pre-production rounds and production of 30/50 targets a year from 2001.

A LASM demonstrator using a SM-2 Block IIIA missile demonstrated 87 o terminal angle in March 1997 and a second demonstration was made in November 1997 using GPS/inertial navigation system guidance.

If Standard Block II/III is selected for LASM (semi-officially referred to as SM-4) to complement Tomahawk in naval fire support role, development will begin in 1998 followed by a Block IV ER version, which would enter production in 2006.

A Near Term demonstration was given in November 1997 and another in March 1998, the latter showing compatibility with the GMVLS Mark 41 and the ability to make 87o terminal attack and in May 1998 it was revealed that the Chief of Naval Operations had opted to support development of this weapon system over Naval ATACMs. Tactical Tomahawk and SLAM ER.

In the spring of 1998 concept development of a Standard missile had begun specially to meet cruise missiles over land, a version designated semi-officially as SM-5.

Description

Externally the SM family resembles Terrier and Tartar. The basic missile, which is also the Medium-Range (MR) version, is a long slim cylinder with a pointed nose. Along most of its length run four long-chord, narrow-span wings with polygon-shaped tailfins in line. In the Extended-Range (ER) version the dual-thrust rocket motor is replaced by the Mark 30 sustainer and a full-diameter cylindrical booster with cropped triangular fins is added.

Internally the basic missile is divided from nose to tail, into guidance, ordnance, autopilot (sometimes referred to as autopilot/battery), propulsion and steering control sections. The guidance section consists of a reference antenna, seeker head antenna and guidance section is a RF command link encoder/decoder (which differs between Terrier/Tartar and Aegis) and mid-course correction system. The ordnance section has a 115-kg warhead with Motorola (sole source from 1995) or Allied Signal Mark 45 impact and proximity fuze (Target Detection Device-TDD) while the autopilot section contains the autopilot and the missile battery. The propulsion section consists of the rocket motor while the steering control section has the electrical actuation system and tailfins. Many of the autopilot functions in the SM-2 Block IVA were transferred to the guidance section and consequently the autopilot section has been renamed the power control and telemetry section.

Both the SM-1 and SM-2 missiles have been subject to improvement packages to meet changing requirements. These are incorporated into production blocks, which usually include MR, ER and Aegis versions.

Standard Missile SM-1

The first production model, Block IV, was derived from the RIM-24C and retained many features of this missile. These included the Raytheon conical scan, solid-state, semi-active radar seeker with scan receiver, speed gate and analogue guidance computer, the Naval Weapon Center Mark 51 expanding rod warhead and Aerojet Mark 27 Mod 4 dual-thrust rocket motor. The most significant changes were in the control section where the General Dynamics Mark 1 autopilot was introduced and an electrical battery replaced the hydraulic-electric gas generator. The battery was installed to improve reaction times by more than 90 per cent (0.8s) because the generator took more than a minute to begin warm-up. Block IV also introduced electrical actuation.

The Block V missile had a Naval Weapon Center Mark 90 blast fragmentation warhead in the ordnance section with a Mark 45 Mod 0/3 TDD while in the propulsion section the Aerojet Mark 56 Mod 1 dual-thrust rocket motor replaced the Mark 27 to improve substantially both range and altitude performance. In the ER version (RIM-67A) a Mark 30 Mod 1 sustainer (also made by the Atlantic Research Corporation or ARC) was added and the Hercules Mark 12 booster provided further range. 1996 confined to the Italian Navy and for exercise its use by the US Navy.

Block VI missiles had a General Dynamics monopulse semi-active radar seeker with solid-state receiver and processor as well as a digital guidance computer. The antenna has four quadrants which pulsate to conduct 360 searches and a Mark 45 TDD; these improvements having been introduced with SM-2 Block I. Later versions of this missile replaced the Mark 51 expanding rod warhead (associated with the Mark 17 safety and arming unit) with the Mark 115 blast fragmentation warhead and its associated Mark 76 safety and arming unit. The ER version had a Mark 30 Mod 2 sustainer.

The SSM ARM was an anti-ship version of Block VMR designed to seek and to destroy enemy radars but is no longer in service.

Standard Missile 2 (SM-2)

The Block I missile is similar to the SM-1 Block V but the guidance section had the Mark 2 Mod 3 autopilot while within the propulsion section were either Aerojet Mark 56 dual-thrust rocket motor (MR) or the Mark 30 Mod 2 sustainer with Mark 12 booster (ER).

The Block II missiles was 24 cm longer than its predecessors and the digital signal processor incorporated fast Fourier techniques which helped to provide a home-on-jam capability. The ordnance section had the Mark 115 warhead with Mark 45 Mod 5 time-delay TDD. The propulsion section introduced the Thiokol Mark 104 dual-thrust rocket motor (381.4 kg of propellant) with ARC acting as second source until 1995 when it became the sole producer. This motor provided substantial improvement in speed manoeuvrability and range increasing the last in SM-2MR by some 60 per cent. The Mark 30 Mod 3 (Mod 4 in later models) sustainer was used but the new booster, Mark 70 (a re-grained Mark 12), with higher energy propellant, doubled the ER range.

The Block III has improved electronics and a Mark 45 Mod 8 TDD which was added to improve Standard Missile capability against low-altitude targets while retaining the area defence capabilities of Block II. The Block IIIA missiles incorporates MK 125 warhead with heavier grain explosive and the MK 45 Mod 9 TDD while the Block IIIB adds a Raytheon IR seeker which is covered by an eject-able faring. Both Block IIIA and Block IIIB can participate in Co-operative Engagement Capability (CEC) operations with other ships able to provide target-tracking data to platforms launching the missiles. It is hoped that CEC will permit missile control after launch to be transferred to another ship, either during the mid-course guidance phase or even during the transition from this to the terminal guidance phase. This is known as a ‘Forward Pass’ engagement.

Block IV is the latest version of the SM-2 for hemispheric defence in a severe electronic environment against aircraft and missiles (even with low radar cross-sections) from high altitudes down to sea level and was approved for low rate initial production in 1995 pending approval of production for Block IVA. Aerodynamic and motor improvements double the missile’s range and increase altitude by a third.

Externally it will differ from its predecessors in having larger dorsal fins with thin extensions as insulation to accommodate heat build-up.

The tailfins will be of a new design while the finless booster will feature a four-nozzle thrust vector control system. A 1.82 m long United Technologies Chemical Systems Division Mark 72 thrust vector control booster (with 474.6 kg of propellant) which will be 53.4 cm in diameter is also part of the design.

The nose will have slip-cast, fused-silica radome and the guidance section a new low-sidelobe antenna. The missile will also have a new low-noise microwave receiver, a solid-state local oscillator, a dual Motorola 68020 digital signal processor which will use techniques similar to those in Patriot, AMRAAM and Sparrow missiles, to provide a 50 per cent improvement in performance against low radar cross-section targets. The Mark 125 warhead will be retained and the Mark 45 Mod 10 TDD will be introduced to meet a wider range of relative speeds for precise burst-point selection. The Mod 9 and Mod 10 have identical electronics hardware but differing software. Further modifications include a faster, digital autopilot (possibly Mk 3) to improve manoeuvrability and to reduce the miss-distance as well as a new actuation system.

The Block IVA will add the ballistic missile interception capability in the ‘lower tier’ (30.000 m) but will also be able to intercept air targets even at sea level. The dorsal fins will be moved forward 140 mm and will be reduced in length by 31 mm while an imaging infrared seeker with staring focal plane array and cooled sapphire dome will be added. Internally the missile will receive a forward-looking fuze coupled with the Mark 125 warhead and Mark 45 Mod 10 TDD upgraded to Mod 11 standard. The missile will feature improved cross-range and very high-altitude performance even against high-speed manoeuvring targets with reduced signatures. The cruiser USS Lake Eire (CG 70) and USS Port Royal (CG 73) will be the first to receive Block IVA missiles and Theater ballistic missile defence system modifications.

It is intended that the SM-3 (formerly SM-X) will replace the conventional warhead with a kinetic warhead (formerly KKV) and a dual-pulse third-stage rocket motor. The kinetic warhead will weigh 18.2 kg and will be ejected from the missile and then accelerate to an intercept velocity reported at 4.000 m/s (approximately 14.400 Km/h).

There will be a separate Solid Divert and Altitude Control System (SDACS) for lateral movement, which will enable the kinetic warhead to strike the target’s warhead with sufficient kinetic energy that even a graze hit, will ensure destruction.

Acquisition and aim-point selection will be by means of an IR seeker with a tracking accuracy measured in microradians and employing a 256 x 256-element focal plane array in the long-range band. The contenders for the kinetic warhead were Hughes Missile Systems Company and Rockwell’s Rocketdyne Division, but in 1996 they merged their proposals. The SM-3 is intended to be 6.55m long with a diameter 34.8 cm (the booster would have a diameter of 53.3 cm) and would weigh 1.501 kg.

The SM-4 (LASM) would be based upon a SM-2 Block II missile with new nose cone, the Mark 125 warhead, a GPS/inertial navigation system based upon that of the SM-3 with Tomahawk anti-jam antenna and a new autopilot/battery section. The rear of the missile would be unchanged. Consideration has been given to an extended range version with Mark 72 booster and nine SADARM (Search And Destroy Armour Monition), with BAT (Brilliant Anti-Tank) or an M80 submunition dispenser. The SM-4 would be 4.72 m long, with a diameter of 34.3 cm and would weigh 750 kg.

The Standard family may be operated from all US Navy’s 3-T Guided Missile Launch Systems (GMLS) as well as the Mk 41 vertical launch missile system. The missiles are not interchangeable between rail and vertical launching systems. The Iranian, Korean and Taiwanese navies also have box-launcher versions with one reload per launcher.

Control of the Standard has normally been through the Tartar (Mark 74), Terrier (Mk 76) and Aegis (Mk 99) weapon-control systems supported by NTDS and Weapon Designation Systems although Terrier/Mk 76 has largely been withdrawn form service. Also associated with Standard are the Mk 86 and Mk 96 fire-control systems. For long-range detection of targets (162 n miles/300 km) the 2D AN/SPS-40 E/F band (2-4 GHz), 3D AN/SPS-48 E/F band and 2D AN/SPS-49 C/D-band (0.5-2 GHz) air-search radars often support the missile, the last supplementing AN/SPY-1 multi-function radars. The radars are often complemented by an AN/SYS-1/2 data fusion system.

When the target is detected the VDS evaluates the data and designates the target for the missile fire-control system which then tracks and illuminates it. Where no NTDS/WDS is available the search radar data is provided directly to the fire-control system but in either case each tracker/illuminator radar usually controls only one missile.

But by using multiplex techniques the radars can support several missiles simultaneously while the fire-control and illumination radar frequencies may be changed during the missile’s flight without any loss in efficiency.

To assist Terrier/Tartar systems monitor the missile’s flight an AN/SYR-1 communications tracking set with phased array antenna is included in the ship fit to receive data downlinked from the missile and to transmit it to the WDS. The SYR-1 has two receivers and can receive data from many missiles by using time-sharing techniques. Aegis ships have a direct link via the SPY-1 radar system. A unique feature of the NTU programme was the Remote Track Launch on Search capability with missiles fired off link track data provided by an Aegis ship.

The WDS or fire-control system initiates the launch sequence and the fire-control system monitors the interception.

In SM-1 once the missile is launched the tracker’s main illumination beam holds the target while the rear reference illuminator beam provides guidance data through the missile’s rear reference antenna. By these means the missile is guided until the onboard seeker detects the target’s CW reflected energy from the main illuminator beam allowing the onboard guidance system to complete the interception usually through a diving attack.

Control of SM-2 is similar but the missile’s course is controlled from the ship through a RF link until the target enters the missile seeker’s field-of-view. This system allows the ship’s radar to provide missile in-flight targetting data and by shaping the missile flight path into a more energy-efficient trajectory, doubles the missile’s effective range. A typical ER engagement involves the launch of the missile with booster, before ejection, taking the missile into a trajectory, which ensures the mid-course phase, will be at a high altitude for the maximum lift-to-drag ratio. The inertial reference unit is used to bring the missile into a pre-calculated point in the targets vicinity using target data updated from the ship by a RF uplink.

When used by the Aegis system this has the advantage of using the tracker/illuminator only during the terminal phase to reduce ship exposure time to ESM systems. The downlink is used periodically to provide the ship with the location of the missile. With Tartar/Terrier systems ER missiles may be launched purely on search information to free weapon control radars until they are required near the terminal phase.

Block IVA will conduct engagements against aircraft and anti-ship missiles in the same way as earlier weapons. Against ballistic missiles it will receive the usual mid-course guidance data but in the terminal phase the missile will approach the target, the IR seeker faring will be ejected and the missile will rotate to bring the seeker to bear. The missile will come under IR guidance and the image will be resolved until the target comes within ‘view’ of the forward-looking proximity fuze. The missile will then be guided to an interception point where the warhead will be detonated. FSV tests show the SM-3 type weapon being launched in the same way as conventional SM but after 111 seconds the nose cone covering the KKV is ejected and the third stage ignites. The KKV is ejected 46 seconds later and within 20 seconds intercepts the target at a range of 230 n miles (425 km) and at an altitude of 122.000 m.

If the interception fails then an endo-atmospheric interception may be attempted. SM-3 Block 0 will be development missiles including Control Test Vehicles and Guidance Test Vehicles, SM-3 Block I will be the engineering-manufacturing development missiles and SM-3 Block II will be initial operating missiles.

Operational Status

Some 21.000 Standard missiles have been produced and the missiles are used or have been selected by 15 customers. Production for the US Navy continues of SM-2 Block IIIA but this was funded only until beginning of 1995 and is being supplanted by Block IIIB initially by updating older missiles, but from 1996 new-build rounds were produced. Block IV was approved in 1995 for low initial rate production with first deliveries in 1998 while SM-3 (formerly SM-X) is in an early stage of development, with Block I appearing in 2002 and Block II in 2006.

It is anticipated that 1.500 SM-2 Block IVA and 650 SM-3 Block I/II missiles will be required by the US Navy