Savunma ve Stratejik Analizler

31 Ağustos 2010 Salı

Kremlin denies plans to halt missile sales to Syria (update 1)

Russia stands by its international obligations and has no plans to stop an arms deal with Syria, a Kremlin aide said on Saturday.

Sergei Prikhodko said recent reports in some Israel media outlets misrepresented Russia's position on cooperation with Syria.

The Haaretz daily reported on Friday that Israel was working to "thwart a Russian arms deal with Syria" and that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had asked his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, to stop the sale of advanced P-800 Yakhont supersonic cruise missiles.

"Lately, some Israeli media outlets have been actively disseminating information distorting Russia's position on the implementation of its obligations to Syria, including in the sphere of military and technical cooperation," Prikhodko said.

"I would like to stress that the Russian Federation honors all the agreements that were previously signed between Russia and Syria."

He said Russia's military cooperation policy is shaped by the president and is not directed against third countries.

Israel considers this weaponry dangerous to its navy vessels in the Mediterranean Sea, The Haaretz said.

In a conversation with Putin, Netanyahu told the Russian leader that "missiles his country had delivered to Syria were then transferred to Hezbollah and used against IDF troops during the Second Lebanon War," the paper said.

A senior Israeli official was quoted as saying that Israel and Russia have been engaged in discreet dialogue over arms deals to the region. But as these talks have not yielded any results, the decision was made to upgrade the level of discussions with a senior political figure.

The P-800 missiles have a range of 300 kilometers, carry a 200-kilogram warhead and feature a unique ability to cruise several meters above the surface, making it difficult to detected and intercept it.

http://en.rian.ru/russia/20100828/160376377.html

İsrail, Rusya'dan Suriye'ye silah satışını azaltmasını istedi

İsrail Savunma Bakanı Ehud Barak'ın, Rusya'dan, Suriye'ye silah satışını azaltmasını istediği bildirildi.

İnterfaks ajansının haberine göre, İsrail'in Rusya Büyükelçisi Anna Azari, Barak'ın Moskova ziyaretinden birkaç gün önce yaptığı açıklamada, ''İsrail'in, Rusya'nın Suriye'ye daha az silah satmasını arzu ettiği aşikar, ancak Rusya'nın bölgedeki çıkarlarını da anlıyoruz'' ifadesini kullandı.

Azari, ''Başta Ortadoğu ve Suriye olmak üzere Rusya'nın bölgede farklı ortaklarla askeri işbirliğiyle ilgilenmesini anlıyoruz, ama bazı silahların teslimatı bölgedeki kuvvetlerin dengesini bozabilir'' dedi.

Bazı durumların kendilerini endişelendirdiğini ve bunları doğrudan Rusya ile konuştuklarını da belirten Azari, ''İşte bu yüzden Rus-Suriye askeri işbirliği Ehud Barak'ın Moskova ziyaretinde ele alınacak'' diye konuştu.

Barak'ın 5-7 Eylülde Rusya'yı ziyaret etmesi planlanıyor.
http://www.zaman.com.tr/haber.do?haberno=1022332&title=israil-rusyadan-suriyeye-silah-satisini-azaltmasini-istedi

Iran to make long-range artillery ammo

Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi has inaugurated the production line of Iran's longest-range artillery ammunitions.

Speaking at the inaugural ceremony of the mass production of Base bleed projectiles in the capital Tehran, General Vahidi said the new 130 millimeter advanced artillery shells will be the longest range artillery shells in arsenals of the Islamic Republic's army, Iran's Defense Ministry said on its website.

“These ammunitions use solid propellants and act like ballistic missiles,” the Iranian defense minister noted.

He also lauded Iranian experts at the arms production division of the country's defense industries for their efforts to modify the base bleed system in order to further enhance the range of the ammunitions from 27 to 42 kilometers.

The defense minister also said such achievements demonstrate that sanctions against Iran have been ineffective.

Base bleed is a system used on some artillery shells to increase their range, typically by about 30%.

Reshaping some artillery shells can significantly reduce the drag on the shells' nose when soaring at supersonic speeds.

Engineers have come up with certain aerodynamic re-patterning of suitable artillery shells to give them proper ballistics through boosting thrust and diminishing airflow pressure.

http://www.presstv.ir/detail/140430.html

T-Zırh (Türk-Zırh)

İleri Seramik Zırh Malzemesi
Nurol Teknoloji, hassas ve gelişmiş üretim teknikleri ile her türlü tehdite karşı dayanıklı, uluslararası standartlara uygun, hafif ve ergonomik plakaların üretimini gerçekleştirmekte ve zırhlı araç uygulamalarında en iyi çözümü sunmaktadır.

Üretim tesislerinde yüksek kalitedeki ürünlerini yüksek saflıktaki içeriği ve kontrol edilebilir mikro yapısı ile hassas toleranslarda üretebilme kabiliyetine sahiptir.

Alumina Balistik Zırh Plakaları

Nurol Teknoloji devamlı sinterleme yöntemiyle yüksek yoğunluklu Alumina balistik zırh plakaları ürettimini gerçekleştirmektedir.

Alumina balistik zırh plakaları 50x50 cm’ye kadar olan ölçülerde ve farklı geometrilerde üretilmektedir.

Alumina Balistik malzemeleri genellikle kara araçlarının zırhlandırılmasında kullanılmaktadır. İstenilen tehdit seviyesine göre tasarlanabilen bu malzeme ekonomikliği ile zırh çeliği malzemeleriyle yarışabilmektedir.

Silisyum Karbür Zırh Plakaları

Nurol Teknoloji, sıcak presleme ve basınçsız sinterleme yöntemi ile yüksek ısı dayanımı sağlayan yüksek sertlikte Silisyum karbür balistik zırh plakalarını üretmektedir. Silisyum Karbür balistik zırh plakaları 35x35 cm’ye kadar olan ölçülerde ve farklı geometrilerde üretilmektedir.

Bor Karbür Zırh Plakaları

Nurol Teknoloji, sıcak presleme metodu ile elmas ve CBN den sonra bilinen en yüksek sertliğe sahip, kimyasal ve mekanik korozyona karşı mükemmel direnci olan, çok düşük yoğunluğu (2,5 g/cm3) ile sağladığı mükemmel güç/ağırlık oranı ve yüksek ısı dayanımına sahip Bor Karbür zırh plakalarını üretmektedir.

Hafifliği ile mobilitenin önemli olduğu taktik araçlar, helikopterler, hafif zırhlı araçlar ve özellikle personel yeleklerinde Bor karbür zırh plakaları tercih edilmektedir. Bor karbür balistik zırh plakaları 35x35 cm’ye kadar olan ölçülerde ve farklı geometrilerde üretilmektedir.

Personel Koruma Zırh Çözümleri

SİPER®

Nurol Teknoloji gelişmiş tasarım ve benzersiz üretim yeteneklerini birleştirerek geliştirdiği kişisel koruma ürünleri ailesi SİPER®, tamamen milli imkan ve kabiliyetler çerçevesinde üretilmektedir.

Dünyada muadilleri ile karşılaştırıldığında SİPER®’in, en karmaşık tehditleri karşı bile pazarda bulunabilecek en hafif ve en üst sınıf teknolojik ürün ailesi olduğu görülebilir.

Belirli bir program dahilinde Nurol Teknoloji laboratuarlarında geliştirilen yeni nesil malzemeler ve çözümler birçok zırh çözümünü daha önce mümkün olmadığı kadar güvenilir, uzun ömürlü ve hafif kılmaktadır.

Geliştirilen Bütün SİPER® çözümleri uluslararası kabul görmüş bağımsız laboratuarlarda defalarca test edilmiş ve sertifiye edilmiştir.


Kara Araçları Zırh Çözümleri

KALKAN®

Nurol Teknoloji kara araçlarında tehdit seviyesi, araç dizaynı ve ağırlık kriterleri göz önüne alarak taşıtların tam korunmasına yönelik çözümler sunmaktadır. Zırh çözümleri araca minimum yük ve maksimum koruma sağlayacak şekilde özel olarak tasarlanır.

















Hava Araçları Zırh Çözümleri

FAZIL®

Nurol Teknoloji hava taşıtları için uygulanan zırh sistemleri en hafif ve en etkili korumayı bor karbür ve silisyum karbür seramikleri ile sağlamaktadır. İleri teknoloji prosesler ile kompleks geometriler ve tasarımlar modüler yapılarda özel olarak dizayn edilmektedir.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uçak Zırhları: Fazil-C

Fazıl-C tipi zırhlar özellikle nakliye tipi uçakların zırhları için tasarlanmış en geniş ebatlı alanları en az sayıda zırh plakası ile tamamen korumayı sağlayan ürün sınıfıdır. Fazıl-C zırh sisteminde tasarımsal değişiklikler gerektirmeden en az sayıda bağlantı ile nakliye uçaklarında komple sistem çözümü mümkün olmaktadır.



 
Helikopter Zırhı: Fazıl-H

Fazıl-H tipi zırhlar yüksek mukavemet, özel bağlantı sistemleri ile özellikle helikopter zırhlarında tercih edilmektedir.

Sınıfının içerisinde en dar tolerans ve yüksek hassasiyete sahip bu zırhlar, dünyadaki mevcut helikopter zırhlarının bütün özelliklerini taşımaktadır.

Fazıl-H tipi zırhlar hem UH-1, UH-60 veya Cougar gibi genel maksat helikopterlerde taban ve yan zırh olarak kullanılabileceği gibi, özel geliştirilen tasarımları ile AH-1 gibi taarruz helikopterlerinde de silahçı veya pilot koltuğu yerine kullanılabilmektedir.

Bunun yanı sıra istek üzerine helikopterlerin motor bölümü, radom veya transmisyon bölümleri de zırhlanabilmektedir.

Üstün çoklu atışa (multi-hit) dayanımı ile birlikte, Fazıl® tipi zırhlar en yakın tehditlerde bile üstün başarı göstermektedir.

Deniz Araçları Zırh Çözümleri

TABYA®

Tabya® sınıfı zırhlar özellikle deniz araçları için tasarlanmış olup, özel konfigürasyonu ile denizlerin en zor koşullarında bile uzun yıllar performansını koruyacak şekilde tasarlanmıştır. Hafifliği, yüksek balistik performansı, kolay ve hızlı montaj olanağı ile bu yeni nesil zırh çözümleri her tür sınıf fırkateyn, hücum bot ve çıkarma gemilerine kolayca monte edilebilmektedir.

Tabya® zırhları özellikle kumanda odası ve köprü koruması, kritik kablolama bölümleri ve silah/top muhafazasında kullanılmaktadır.

Mevcut platformların koruma seviyelerini yükseltmek için eklemeli (add-on) olarak uygulanabileceği gibi Tabya® sınıfı zırhlar yapısal olarak da kullanılabilmektedir.

http://www.nurolteknoloji.com/tr/sektorler/savunma-sanayi.html

Azerbaijan to buy four Ka-32 helicopters from Russia

Russian Helicopters company will supply four Kamov Ka-32 helicopters to Azerbaijan in the near future, the Azerbaijani APA news agency said on Monday.

It is not known which of the country's state departments or institutions ordered the helicopters, the report said.

In May, the Azerbaijan Emergencies Ministry bought two Ka-32 helicopters from Russia.

The Ka-32 is a 12-ton coaxial twin-rotor helicopter that can carry a payload of up to four tons.

It is commonly used in utility cargo work and fire-fighting, has an endurance of about four hours and cruises at 205 kilometers per hour.

http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100830/160396738.html

Avusturya Kara Kuvvetleri kemer sıkıyor

Avsuturya Savunma bütçesinden dolayı kaynak sıkıntısı çeken Avusturya Kara Kuvvetleri, envanterindeki tank ve zırhlı araçlarının dörtte üçünün hizmet dışına çıkarılması ve/veya ‘konservelenerek’ depolanması gündemde.

Planlar arasında 18 adet Leopard 2A4 tankının makul bir fiyata başka bir ülkeye satılması da düşünülüyor.

http://www.savunmasanayi.net/avusturya-kara-kuvvetleri-kemer-sikiyor/avusturya-kara-kuvvetleri-kemer-sikiyor/

Sonar Systems for 2010

Turkey names "acoustic centre of excellence"

Defence contractor Meteksan Savunma was named Turkey's "acoustics centre of excellence" in late 2009. Meteksan, based in the Turkish capital of Ankara, will support the Turkish Navy's ongoing national corvette programme and develop additional projects for domestic use and international sales.

In a contract worth more than $40m, Meteksan will build and install the "wet ends" of sonar units for the navy's Milgem corvettes, the first of which, TCG Heybeliada, is undergoing sea trials now and is expected to formally enter service with the fleet in early 2011. Meteksan will also be doing sonar development and production work for four non-nuclear submarines that the Turkish Navy is purchasing from German shipbuilder Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft AG, in a deal that was announced in 2009.

Naming Meteksan Savunma as a centre of excellence is part of an ongoing effort by the Turkish undersecretariat for defence industries to increase domestic defence industrial output. To support its acoustics work, Meteksan announced new partnerships with two of the largest universities in Turkey in 2009 to support R&D efforts.

http://www.naval-technology.com/features/feature77910/

AERIAL TARGET DRONE PROCUREMENT PROGRAM

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR ISSUING OF REQUEST FOR INFORMATION (RFI) FOR AERIAL TARGET DRONE PROCUREMENT PROGRAM

The Scope of the RFI:
Undersecretariat for Defence Industries (SSM) initiated the Aerial Target Drone Procurement Program to meet the target drone requirement of Turkish Air Forces Command. In this regard, Request for Information (RFI) is issued by SSM to gather administrative, financial and technical information for the aerial target drone systems from relevant companies/organizations for planning purposes of the Program.

http://www.ssm.gov.tr/anasayfa/hizli/duyurular/projeDuyurulari/Sayfalar/KurtarilabilirHavaAtisHedefleriBID.aspx

27 Ağustos 2010 Cuma

Netanyahu, Putin'i aradı: Suriye'ye füze satmayın

Rusya'nın İran'a S-300 füze sevkıyatını engelleyen İsrail, şimdi de Suriye'yi takibe aldı. İsrail Başbakanı Binyamin Netanyahu, Rusya Başbakanı Vladimir Putin'den Suriye'ye satışı planlanan P-800 Yakhont model süpersonik füzelerin verilmemesini istedi. İsrail, 300 kilometre menzile sahip P-800'lerin radarla tespit edilememesi ve vurulmasının neredeyse imkansız olması nedeni ile Akdeniz'deki deniz gücünün tehlikeye gireceğini düşünüyor.

Haaretz gazetesine göre Rusya Başbakanı Putin'le telefonla görüşen Netanyahu, Suriye'ye verilen füzelerin Hizbullah'ın eline geçtiğini ve 2006'da patlak veren İkinci Lübnan Savaşı'nda bazı Rus yapımı füzelerin İsrail ordusuna karşı kullanıldığını söyledi. Uzun süredir Filistin'li yetkililerle görüşemediklerine de dikkat çeken İsrail Başbakanı, önümüzdeki haftalarda Filistin'le doğrudan görüşmelerin başlamasının beklenildiğini hatırlattı ve Suriye ile Rusya arasındaki silah anlaşmasının gözden geçirilmesini talep etti.

Netanyahu Suriye'nin Çin yapımı C-802 model gemi savar füzelerin Hizbullah'ın eline geçtiğini ve İsrail gemilerine hedef alındığını belirtti. İsrail Başbakanı Netanyahu Rusya'nın vereceği yeni füzelerin de Hizbullah'ın eline geçmesinden endişe duyduklarını söyledi. İsrail savunma uzmanları P-800'lerin Hizbullah'ın eline geçmesi durumunda Hayfa ve Aşdod limanları çevresinde güvenlik görevi yapan İsrail donanmasının büyük tehlike altında olacağını iddia ediyor.

İsrail Savunma Bakanı Ehud Barak'ın önümüzdeki günlerde Moskova'ya gelerek Rus meslektaşı Anatoli Seryukov'la birlikte konuyu ele alması planlanıyor. İsrail'li üst düzey bir yetkili de bölgeye silah satışlarında Rusya ve İsrail'in uyum içinde olması ve ihtiyatlı davranılması gerektiğini söyledi. Rusya ile silah satışının bir kaç kez müzakere edildiğini, ancak sonuç alınamadığını kaydeden yetkili, en üst siyasi düzeyde konunun ele alınmasının İsrail açısından çok önemli olduğunu vurguladı.

Rusya ile Suriye arasında imzalanan son askeri anlaşma 2009 sonunda basında gündeme gelmiş ve pakette P-800 model süpersonik füzeler de yer aldığı kaydedilmişti. Çok gelişmiş olan P-800'ler 300 kilometre menzile sahip ve 200 kilogram savaş başlığı taşıyabilir. Suriye'nin elinde bulundurduğu C-802'ler ise 120 kilometre menzile sahip ve çok daha küçük savaş başlığı taşıyabiliyor.

Rus basınında Putin'in Netanyahu ile telefon görüşmesinin 20 Ağustos'ta gerçekleştiği ve İsrail'in inisiyatifi ile yapıldığına dikkat çekiliyor.

http://www.zaman.com.tr/haber.do?haberno=1020958&title=netanyahu-putini-aradi-suriyeye-fuze-satmayin

P-800 Oniks / SS-N-26
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P-800_Oniks

Replacement of Swiss Fighter Jets Postponed

The Swiss government has delayed the partial replacement of the army’s Tiger fighter jets for financial reasons, the Federal Chancellery announced on Wednesday.

The government confirmed it planned to replace 54 “obsolete” planes but has postponed the purchase until 2015 at the latest, on the recommendation of Defence Minister Ueli Maurer. Some jets in the Tiger fleet are over 30 years old.

Buying 22 new planes would have cost up to SFr4.8 billion ($4.6 billion). In a statement, the government said it could not use supplementary credits under the current budget constraints to buy the replacements, and existing resources had to be used to cover other army costs.

The defence and finance ministries will decide by the end of 2011 how much can be spent on replacements and when.

The decision stirred up various reactions. The Swiss People’s Party said it was regrettable but understandable. The Social Democrats were pleased, saying it would have been wrong to spend the money when other budget cuts were being made elsewhere.

The Group for Switzerland without an Army commented that the outcome showed the planes were not urgently needed.

http://www.defencetalk.com/replacement-of-swiss-fighter-jets-postponed-28361/

Aselsan Özel Durum Açıklaması

Özel Durum Açıklaması (26.08.2010)


ASELSAN; elektronik sistemler konusunda 21,9 Milon Avro tutarında sipariş almıştır. Teslimatlar 24 ay içerisinde tamamlanacaktır.

http://www.aselsan.com.tr/haber.asp?haber_id=255

26 Ağustos 2010 Perşembe

ANAMA Türkiyə-Suriya sərhədinin minalardan təmizlənməsinə dair tenderlərə qatılacaq

Bakı. Rəşad Süleymanov - APA. Türkiyənin “Nokta Yatırım və İnşaat” şirkəti Azərbaycan Ərazilərinin Minalardan Təmizlənməsi üzrə Milli Agentliklə (ANAMA) birgə Türkiyə-Suriya sərhədinin minalardan təmizlənməsi üçün elan ediləcək tenderlərə qatılmağı planlaşdırır.

Bu barədə APA-ya açıqlamasında “Nokta” şirkətinin baş direktoru Murad Kəklik bildirib.

M. Kəklikin sözlərinə görə, Türkiyə və Suriya arasında 900 km sərhədin minalardan təmizlənməsi nəzərdə tutulur. Bu layihə üzrə görüləcək işlərin məbləği minimum 1 mlrd. ABŞ dolları miqdarında dəyərləndirilir: “Güman edirəm ki, işlərin sürətlə həyata keçirilməsi üçün bu ərazi hissə-hissə tenderə çıxarılacaq. Ümumilikdə, bu proses necə olacaq hələ ki, bəlli deyil. Ümid edirik ki, sərhəddəki ərazilərin hansı formul üzrə təmizlənəcəyi yaxın bir ayda bəlli olacaq. Biz də ANAMA ilə konsorsium olaraq tenderə qatılacağıq”.

Şirkət rəhbəri onu da vurğulayıb ki, dünyanın minaçıxarma sahəsində tanınmış təşkilatlarının rəqabət apardığı bu layihələrdə konsorsiuma Azərbaycan dövlətinin də dəstəyi lazımdır.

Qeyd edək ki, hazırda ANAMA-nın iştirakı ilə Türkiyə-Suriya sərhədinin Qaziantep vilayəti ərazisində test seçilmiş sahəsində minatəmizləmə işləri aparılır.

http://az.apa.az/xeber_ANAMA_Turkiye-Suriya_serhedinin_minalardan__196677.html

Russia denies deployment of S-300 missiles in South Ossetia

There is no truth to the Georgian Foreign Minister's statement that Russia has deployed S-300 air defense systems in South Ossetia, a source in the Russian Defense Ministry said on Wednesday.

"There are no Russian S-300 systems on the territory of South Ossetia. There is no need for it," the source said.

"The protection of the Russian military base as well as South Ossetia is carried out by Buk air defense systems," the source said, adding that the former Georgian republic's landscape would restrict the deployment of S-300 systems.

Earlier on Wednesday, Georgian Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze said Russia had deployed S-300 systems in South Ossetia.

"Russia has deployed S-300s in the occupied Abkhazia... I assure you that while Russia has not announced this yet, the Russian S-300s are also deployed in the Tskhinvali region," he said.

South Ossetian Defense Minister Valery Yakhnovets also refuted the statement. He said South Ossetia has no need for S-300s "at the present time."

Russian Air Force commander-in-chief Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said on August 11 Russia had deployed S-300 systems in Abkhazia - a statement that angered Georgia but failed to surprise the U.S. State Department which said the systems appeared to have been in place for the last two years.

"It is our understanding that Russia has had S-300 missiles in Abkhazia for the last two years... We can't confirm whether they have added to them or not," Department spokesman Philip Crowley said.

Russia recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in August 2008 after winning a brief war with Georgia over South Ossetia.

Russia signed agreements with Abkhazia and South Ossetia earlier this year on establishing permanent military bases in the republics.

The bases are located in Gudauta, on Abkhazia's Black Sea coast, and in South Ossetia's capital, Tskhinvali. Each base hosts up to 1,700 servicemen, T-62 tanks, light armored vehicles, air defense systems and a variety of aircraft.

http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20100825/160338109.html

Russia's Strengthening Military Presence in the Caucasus and the Black Sea

Throughout 2010, Russia has pursued pro-active foreign policy to strengthen its military presence outside of its borders in the Caucasus and the Black Sea. Even though Moscow has failed to preserve its dominance just after the collapse of Soviet Union, it succeeded to rebuild its presence in the post-Soviet space in line with a strategic doctrine that requires preserving its stance in this geography for the countrys sovereignty in its own territory. In this sense, Russia is creating a buffer zone out of its borders, and trying to take preventive measures as well as act like a balancing power in the region.

Russia has started to strengthen its position in the eastern and northern part of the Black Sea, after becoming neighbors with NATO forces in the west and southern part of the region as a result of eastern expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance. In fact, Russia gained some privileges in 1990s, thanks to the emerging conflicts and its psychological influence or structural superiority on Newly Independent States. Before these privileges coming to an end Russia has taken decisive steps that will shape the balances in the region in the upcoming 25 years.

Russian fleet in Crimea has a strategic importance in terms of preserving Moscows dominance in the Black Sea and being able to reach to the Mediterranean when necessary. Accordingly, the very essence of the existence of the fleet is one of the main reasons behind Russias aggressive reflexes recently. In this sense, causing a great concern in the Kremlin, the debate on Russian fleets existence -which was guaranteed until 2017 by an agreement that goes back to 1997- acted as a catalyst that gave a big blow to Yushchenkoss political career in Ukrainian politics. As can be recalled Yushchenko started a new rhetoric just after the Russo-Georgian war, which is based on the arguments that Russian fleet should leave Crimea and Russia should not use its navy in Ukraine for its irredentist policies.

Consequently, Russia had to face the fact that it had to deal with a similar scenario in Ukraine, which is perceived as a natural part of fatherland, like in Baltic region that it encountered after Estonia, Lithuania and Latvias membership to NATO. To tame this kind of twisted ideas, Russia started to use energy instrument more efficiently on Ukraine to weaken Yushchenko administration and the existing system, and also stimulated its relations with the opponents of the pro-Western leader. This aggressive change in Russias policies created a favorable environment for Yanukovich to come to the power in 2010 presidential elections. As a result, pro-NATO discourse eliminated from Ukrainian political sphere and Russia gained the privilege of keeping its fleet in Crimea up until 2042 with the signed agreement with Kiev in April 2010.

In fact, Ukraine only represents a small portion of the latest change of balances in the region. In this respect, the dynamics that emerged after August 2010 can be examined to be able to understand how important the balances of the Black Sea for Russias strategic concerns. According to some experts, having well-founded concerns regarding its existence in Crimea, Russia did not hesitate to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetias independence in spite of having a fragile-federal structure back at home. Recognizing Abkhazias independence, Russia would extend its coastline in the Black Sea, and would guarantee the existence of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea. Thus, Russia could use Ochamchira port efficiently and Plan B would be ready when necessary.

In this respect, Russian Federation does not hesitate to enlarge its presence in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the expense of violating the ceasefire treaty with Georgia. Abkhazia and South Ossetia agreed to host Russian military bases for a period of 49 years. Currently there are 1700 Russian troops in Guduata town of Abhkazia and this number is expected to reach 3000 with the new agreement. By the way, Ochamchira port is being rehabilitated for the efficient use of Russian Navy.[1] Moscow also deployed S300 air defense systems in Abkhazia, but according to Georgian authorities this is an open violation of the ceasefire.[2] Yet, it should be emphasized here the deployment of powerful systems like S300 missiles, does not feel like a measure taken against Georgia, rather a message to NATO and the US.

Ariel Cohen argues that Russias next step would be rehabilitation of the biggest airbase in the South Caucasus, which is located in Bomboro near Guduata. This is the largest military airfield in the Southern Caucasus, boasting a 4-kilometer long runway, thus making it a strategically coveted facility. The runway ends less than 100 meters from the sea, allowing aircraft to take off at very low altitudes over the sea and proceed undetected by enemy radar in the initial phases of flight. [3] When all these restorations and deployment of troops completed it is assumed that there will be 4000-5000 Russian troops in Abkhazia. Thus, Russian dominance will strengthen not only in the Black Sea, but also in the Caucasus.

Moscow also increases its grip in South Ossetia as well. Signing a similar agreement with the de facto government of Tskhinvali, Moscow aims to deploy 1700 troops, T-62 tanks, light armored vehicles, air defense units and aircrafts in the seperatist region. Not hesitating to flex its muscles, Moscow also guarantees the security of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by taking some efficient defensive measures.

Where does Armenia Stand in the Big Picture?

Armenia could not avoid becoming a satellite of Moscow, in spite of rising nationalism against Russian chauvinism that created a national awareness among Armenians. Being a landlocked country, having limited resources that cannot keep up Armenian economy without foreign transfers, and having a security deficit, Yerevan has become an outpost of Moscow in the post-Cold War period. Russian dominance in Armenian politics is not limited in hard politics but also in economic sphere. In time, Russia has become a monopoly in energy, mining, and petro-chemical sectors of the country and holds a certain share in telecommunication. [4] This creates an asymmetric interdependence in favor of Moscow and makes it difficult for Yerevan to pursue an independent foreign policy.

Non-resolved Karabagh problem, which poses security risks, is one of the main reasons for Armenias seek for Russias support in the region. Unlike Armenia, Azerbaijan has succeeded to find new funds after the independence thanks to energy resources of the country. This creates an unbalanced situation between Yerevan and Baku in terms of military expenditure. Azerbaijans military budget rose to $1.1 billion in 2007, whereas Armenias is assumed to be around $280 million.[5] Apart from having better weapons than 1990s, Azeri army has gained a well-disciplined character thanks to the reforms implemented in the last decade. Relying more on its economy and army, from time to time Baku does not hesitate to give messages to Armenia that the military solution to the problem still remains on the table. Furthermore, Azeri Parliament recently approved a new Military Doctrine. This document officially puts forward the reasons of casus belli and underlines the fact that Armenias uncompromising attitude for a political solution of the problem can cause emerge of a new war in the region (Article 43).[6]

A war between Azerbaijan and Armenia will have severe consequences than the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. Neither Russia, nor the US desires de facto stability to turn into a war and cause deeper crises in the region. In this sense, Kremlin is trying to play a balancing role in the South Caucasus to be able to preserve its control over Armenia, while developing its relations with Azerbaijan, which has gained momentum recently. Russias balancing role has a vital importance for the faith of North Caucasian Republics of the Federation, as well as Moscows hegemony that it has started to rebuild in the South Caucasus.

Under these circumstances, timing of the agreement between Russia and Armenia to extent the right of keeping a military base in Armenias second biggest city Gyumri until 2044 2046 is well chosen.[7] Just after the release of military doctrine and the clash between Armenian and Azeri forces in the disputed area of Karabagh[8], the signed agreement gives direct messages to Baku.

Two reasons can be proposed for this interpretation. Firstly, the extension was done so early. 1995 agreement expires in 2020 and there is almost 10 years more to discuss the faith of the base. Secondly, Armenia is a member of Common Security Treaty Organization, and it enjoys the protection of Russia against a possible attack. Thus, the military base in Gyumri is not necessary to protect Armenian territory and people.. Yet, it has a deterring impact on Azerbaijan.

On the other side of the coin Russia also mitigates the messages coming from Yerevan that emphasizes Russia will be protecting Armenia better than before with the new agreement.[9] Sergey Lavrov indicates that after the agreement the role of Gyumri base did not change, and also added that he believes that no state in the region plans to launch new military operations, because it would be catastrophic.[10]

Even though the government seems to be satisfied with the agreement, Armenian opposition criticizes the decision of extension. They argue that the new agreement makes Armenia more dependent on Russia. Raffi Hovanissian says that the base is also a burden for Armenia. It is a Russian base abroad that Russia does not pay any rent or reimbursement.[11]

Conclusion

Russia is playing the role of balancing in the region without changing its position radically. In other words, it is telling Azerbaijan that the developing relations between Baku and Moscow are not at the level of ignoring a war against Armenia. On the other hand, it scratches Yerevans back.

In conclusion, Russia aims to decrease the tension in the region with the new agreement. However, Moscow also strengthens its position in the Black Sea and the Caucasus by taking another complimentary step to build up a stronghold in the post-Soviet space after its maneuvers in Ukraine and separatist regions of Georgia. The new agreements shape the next 20-30 years and creates new barriers for those who intend to challenge Russias position in the region, while building wave breakers in front of Russias fragile region, the North Caucasus.

Hasan Selim Ozertem
USAK - Center for Eurasian Studies
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[1] Russia Gains Military Base in Abkhazia, RFERL, 17 February 2010.

[2] Russian S-300 Systems in Abkhazia Threaten Regional Balance of Forces Georgia, RIA Novosti, 11 August 2010.

[3] Ariel Cohen, Georgia: Russia Plans Three Military Bases in Abkhazia, Eurasianet, 5 February 2009; http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insightb/articles/eav020609g.shtml.

[4] Marianna Girgoryan, Armenia: Opposition Blasts Russias 49-Year Lease on Military Base, Eurasianet.org, 12 February 2010; http://www.eurasianet.org/node/61730.

[5] Jean-Cristophe Peuch, Armenia Azerbaijan Mull CFE Treaty Withdrawal in Year of Many Uncertainties for OSCE, Eurasianet. Org, 6 January 2008; http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav010708a.shtml.

[6] For the full text of the article please refer to http://meclis.gov.az/?/az/law/183#comment.

[7] According to the previous agreement signed in 1995, Russia would be keeping its troops in Gyumri until 2020.

[8] Maria Kiselyova, Four Armenian and One Azeri Killed in Karabakh Clash, Reuters, 19 June 2010.

[9] Daisy Sindelar, Deal Signed on Extending Russian Military Presence in Armenia, RFERL, 20 August 2010.

[10]Russian FM Downplays Importance of Armenian Defense Pact, RFERL, 19 August 2010.

[11] Raffi K. Hovanissian, Whither CSTO: Russian Power, Armenian Sovereignty, and a Region at Risk, Times.am, 14 August 2010; http://times.am/2010/08/14/whither-csto-russian-power-armenian-sovereignty-and-a-region-at-risk/.

Wednesday, 25 August 2010

http://www.turkishweekly.net/columnist/3373/russia-39-s-strengthening-military-presence-in-the-caucasus-and-the-black-sea.html

İki Yunan F-16 uçağı havada çarpıştı

Yunanistan'ın Girit adasında 2 Yunan F-16 uçağı havada çarpıştı.

Yunan televizyonları, Girit'in güneyinde meydana gelen kazada uçaklarda bulunan 3 pilottan birisinin, otomatik fırlatma sistemini kullandığının sanıldığını duyurdu.

Kazanın nedeni henüz bilinmezken, askeri birliklerin arama-kurtarma çalışmaları için olay yerine gitmek üzere hareket ettiği belirtildi.

http://www.stargazete.com/dunya/iki-f-16-ucagi-havada-carpisti-haber-288905.htm

Turkey and Israel’s venture will provide tanks to Colombia

The Colombian government and army are studying a range of solutions jointly offered by Israel Military Industries (IMI) and Turkey’s Aselsan to fulfil the country’s requirement for a new main battle tank (MBT), sources in Bogotá have told Jane’s .

The Israeli-Turkish offer includes a wide number of options – ranging from General Dynamics Land Systems M60 tanks rebuilt and upgraded to an IMI Sabra III standard and fitted with an Israeli-made 120 mm smoothbore gun to refurbished samples of the Merkava Mk 2 and Mk 3 MBT.

Aselsan offers fire control and communication systems for the MBTs and performs part of the refurbishment of the second-hand tanks at its workshops in Turkey.

Another offer of second-hand Leclerc MBTs – presented by France’s defence procurement agency (Direction Générale de l’Armement – DGA) and Nexter – is less attractive because of its higher price but has not been discarded yet. According to the sources, other offers comprising surplus Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Leopard 2A4 and General Dynamics M1 Abrams MBTs, were also turned down because of price. An attempt to buy some of the lighter Leopard 1Vs from Chile failed to reach fruition.

Colombia wants to upgrade its armed forces in order to keep pace with neighbouring Venezuela’s announced acquisition of around 90 T-72 tanks. The Colombian requirements include special considerations related to the soft savannah, semi-jungle ground and climate where the tanks are expected to operate.

The project, which aims to procure between 60 and 80 MBTs for the Colombian Army, has a budget amounting to USD250 million. A decision is expected to be made by the end of 2010 or early in 2011, with deliveries to start in 2012.

According to some local sources the Sabra III is the preferred option. An offset package will be requested with the eventual order.

http://www.trdefence.com/?p=1324

25 Ağustos 2010 Çarşamba

Aselsan, JGK ile Manga Telsizi Sözleşmesi

Özel Durum Açıklaması (20.08.2010)

ASELSAN A.Ş. ile Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı arasında 18 Ağustos 2010 tarihinde, Tim İçi Haberleşme Teçhizatı (Manga Telsizi) ve ilgili aksesuarlarının tedariğine yönelik olarak 1.969.920,-TL bedelinde bir sözleşme imzalanmıştır. Teslimat 270 gün içerisinde yapılacaktır.

http://www.aselsan.com.tr/haber.asp?haber_id=252

Norway puts former support ship and FACs up for sale

The Norwegian Defence Logistics Organisation's (NDLO's) Surplus Materiel Management Programme is offering the former Royal Norwegian Navy support ship Horten and up to six Super Hauk-class fast attack craft (FACs) for sale on the international market.

Built as a depot ship for submarines and FACs and commissioned in 1978, ex-KNM Horten was also used as a training platform and by the Norwegian royal family. The asking price is NOK45 million (EUR5.13 million).

http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Defence-Weekly-2010/Norway-puts-former-support-ship-and-FACs-up-for-sale.html

HNoMS Horten (A530)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HNoMS_Horten_(A530)



Hauk class patrol boat
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hauk_class_patrol_boat
 

Türkiyə Aerokosmik Sənayesi şirkətinin Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələrinin inventarında olan bütün helikopterləri təkmilləşdirmək imkanı var

Bakı. Rəşad Süleymanov - APA. Türkiyənin ATAK proqramı çərçivəsində istehsal olunan T129 zərbə helikopterlərinin ilk test uçuşlarına 2011-ci ilin yaz aylarında başlanacaq.

Bu barədə APA-ya açıqlamasında Türkiyə Aerokosmik Sənayesi - TAİ (Turkish Aerospace İndustries) şirkəti Birləşmiş Helikopter Sistemlərinin icraçı vitse-prezidenti Əmrə Yazıçı bildirib.

Bu ilin aprel ayından son montaj xəttinin dövrəyə qoşulduğunu deyən TAİ rəsmisinin sözlərinə görə, ilk T129 helikopterlərinin 2013-cü ilin iyul ayında Silahlı Qüvvələrə təhvil verilməsi planlaşdırılır: “Hazırda bununla paralel, Quru Qoşunlarının təcili ehtiyacına görə, daxili təhlükəsizlik əməliyyatlarında istifadə edilmək üçün 9 helikopterin 2012-ci ilin may ayından başlayaraq təhvil verilməsinə dair aparılan müzakirələr yekunlaşmaq üzrədir”.

T129 helikopterinin özəllikləri barədə məlumat verən Ə. Yazıçının sözlərinə görə, helikopter NATO standartlarına uyğun olaraq TAİ tərəfindən istehsal edilir. Silah və aviyonik sistemləri «Apache» və «Tiger» helikopterləri ilə müqayisədə daha üstündür. Xüsusilə hava yüksəkliyi və isti hava şəraitində daşıdığı yük, qarşıya qoyulan tapşırıqların icrasına görə NATO ordularındakı analoqlarından üstünlüklərə malikdir. Eyni zamanda helikopterə az sayda personal tərəfindən qulluq edilə bilir.

Ə. Yazıçı bildirib ki, Azərbaycanın ATAK proqramında iştirakı iki formada mümkündür. Birincisi, TUSAŞ (TAİ-nin ortağı) bağlanacaq müqavilə əsasında Azərbaycan Müdafiə Nazirliyini helikopterlə təmin edə bilər. İkincisi, Azərbaycan tərəfi Türkiyə Milli Müdafiə Nazirliyi ilə razılaşaraq, ATAK proqramına qatıla bilər. Bu halda helikopterin istehsal xərci aşağı düşər və tədarükü ucuz başa gələr.

Ə. Yazıçı TAİ-nin Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələrinin inventarında olan bütün helikopterlərin belə aviyonik təkmilləşdirilməsini asanlıqla həyata keçirmək imkanında olduğunu vurğulayıb: «TAİ bu günə qədər təkbaşına və ya beynəlxalq tərəfdaşları ilə birlikdə mülki və hərbi təyyarələrin, həmçinin helikopterlərin qərb standartında təkmilləşdirilməsini müvəffəqiyyətlə reallaşdırıb. Biz NATO standartlarına keçən Azərbaycanın tədarük və təkmilləşmə ehtiyaclarının qarşılanmasında Türkiyə ilə bir çox sahədə müştərək işlər həyata keçirə biləcəyini düşünürük».

O, Ümumi Təyinatlı Helikopterlərin (Genel Maksat Helikopteri) Tədarükü Layihəsi barədə də məlumat verib. Hazırda «Sikorsky S-70i» və «AgustaWestland AW-149» helikopterlərinin seçiminin aparıldığı tenderin davam etdiyini söyləyən Ə. Yazıçı müvafiq qərarın bu il ərzində qəbul ediləcəyini deyib. Şirkət rəsmisi onu da əlavə edib ki, sözügedən proqram çərçivəsində hərbi və mülki qurumların tələbatına uyğun olaraq 7 konfiqurasiyada ümumilikdə 109 helikopterin tədarükü planlaşdırılır.

http://az.apa.az/news.php?id=196491

TAI may upgrade helicopters for Azerbaijani Armed Forces

The first test flights of T129 attack helicopters produced within the framework of the Turkish ATAK program will begin in spring of 2011, according to Emre Yazichi, executive vice-president of TAI (Turkish Aerospace Industries) Inc., United Helicopters Systems, as quoted by APA.

Yazichi said plans are to give the first T129 helicopter to the Armed Forces in July 2013: “Currently, we are engaged in discussions, which began in May 2012, to hand over 9 helicopters for use in internal security operations and for the emergency needs of land forces, are just about to end.”

Elaborating about the features of the T129, Yazichi said the helicopter was produced by TAI according to NATO standards. He further said its weapons and avionics systems exceed the “Apache” and “Tiger” helicopters. Generally, the T129 is superior to similar helicopters used by NATO armies in its implementation of tasks. At the same time, the helicopter may be operated by fewer personnel.

Yazichi said that such improvements might be realized in all helicopters deployed by the Azerbaijani Armed Forces: “TAI has improved the civil and military aircraft, as well as helicopters. We think that Azerbaijan might be successful in the joint projects in several spheres in working together with Turkey.” (APA/Rashad Suleymanov)

http://www.defpro.com/news/details/17802/

İlk Türk helikopteri için düğmeye basıldı

Erdoğan başkanlığında gerçekleştirilen Savunma Sanayii İcra Komitesi toplantısından çıkan 'Türk helikopteri üretme projesi' için ilk adım atıldı

Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığı ve Türk Havacılık ve Uzay Sanayii (TAI) arasında görüşmeler başladı. Müsteşarlıktan aldığı rapor doğrultusunda harekete geçen TAI, fizibilite çalışmaları için düğmeye bastı. İlk Türk helikopterinin kaç liraya mâl olacağı, hangi sistemlerin kullanılacağı, pazardaki fırsatlar ve tehditler gibi konular üzerinde TAI yetkilileri araştırma yapıyor. Savunma çevrelerinden edinilen bilgiye göre, helikopterin tasarımı ve üretimi için 7-8 yıllık bir takvim üzerinde duruluyor.

Başbakan Tayyip Eroğan, Genelkurmay Başkanı İlker Başbuğ ve Milli Savunma Bakanı Vecdi Gönül'ün katıldığı son Savunma Sanayii İcra Komitesi toplantısında önemli bir karar alındı. Toplantıda, Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı'nın ihtiyacı olan eğitim helikopterleri başta olmak üzere, kamu ve özel kesim ihtiyaçlarına cevap verecek özgün hafif maksat helikopteri geliştirilme projesinin TAI yükleniciliğinde başlatılması kararlaştırıldı. Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığı ile görüşen TAI yetkilileri de harekete geçti. Türk helikopterinin üretilmesi için fizibilite çalışmaları şu anda devam ediyor. Savunma uzmanları, Türkiye'nin kendi helikopterini üretmesinin, ihracat yapacak pazarı da bulabilirse çok önemli bir adım olacağını dile getiriyor.

Türkiye ayrıca, ATAK programı kapsamında Türk Kara Kuvvetleri'nin ihtiyacı olan 50 kesin ve 41 opsiyonel taarruz ve taktik keşif helikopterinin, milli imkanlarla geliştirilecek yazılım ve donanım ürünlerinin bir araya getirilmesiyle Türkiye'de üretilmesini hedefliyor. 3 milyar dolarlık dev projede İtalyan AgustaWestland'ın yanı sıra TAI, Aselsan ve Roketsan gibi Milli Savunma sanayii şirketleri de kilit rol üstleniyor. Daha önce öngörülen takvime göre seri üretime 2013'te geçilmesi beklenirken deneme uçuşu sırasında söz konusu helikopterin düşmesi nedeniyle projenin sarkacağı kaydediliyor.

Öte yandan ilk Türk özgün helikopteri için, STM Savunma Teknolojileri Mühedislik AŞ de bir rapor hazırladı. Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığı için hazırlanan raporda, yurtiçi geliştirme hariç diğer yöntemlerin hiçbirinde yerli sanayinin yeterli bilgi birikiminin sağlanamayacağı belirtildi. Yurtiçi geliştirme seçeneğinin değerlendirilmesi durumunda, üretim altyapısından ziyade tasarım altyapısının daha kritik olduğu kaydedildi. Türk özgün helikopteri hedefine ulaşılmasının, bütün çalışmaların tek merkezden kontrolü ve gerçekçi bir planlama ile mevcut Türk Savunma Sanayii tesislerinin kullanılarak ve eksik alanlarda ilave bazı ek yatırımlar yapılarak mümkün olabileceği vurgulandı. Ayrıca, hem Türkiye hem de potansiyel pazarlar açısından helikopter tasarım ve üretim faaliyetlerine başlamak için çift motorlu hafif/orta sınıf genel maksat helikopterinin uygun bir tercih olacağı değerlendirildi.

http://www.bugun.com.tr/haber-detay/115033-ilk-turk-helikopteri-icin-dugmeye-basildi-haberi.aspx

Savunma ve Havacılık Dergisi Sayı 138
Sayfa 22

Türk Hafif Helikopter Projesi:


Türk Hafif Helikopter Projesi altında Sikorsky Aircraft tarafından sağlanacak teknik destek ile TAI tarafından üretilmesi öngörülen helikoptere ait bir ön tasarım,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
http://rewreward.blogspot.com/2010/06/savunma-ve-havaclk-degisi-say-138.html

Mavi Marmara'ya rağmen İsrail'den silah alımı sürüyor

İSTANBUL - İsrail basınında yer alan haberlere göre, Türkiye'nin İsrail'den silah alımları, Mayıs ayı sonundaki Mavi Marmara baskınından sonra da devam etti.

İsrail Radyosu'nun haberine göre, Türk Savunma Bakanlığı yetkilileri ile silah uzmanlarından oluşan bir grup, Mavi Marmara baskınından birkaç hafta sonra İsrail'i ziyaret etti. Ziyaret sırasında Aerospace Industries ve Elbit firmalarından 14 insansız savaş uçağı alımını kesinleştiren heyet, daha önce satın alınan 4 insansız uçağın teslimatı için de bazı belgeler imzaladılar. Habere göre, ziyaret sırasında imzalanan anlaşmaların maddi değeri 190 milyon doları buluyor.

http://www.dunyagazetesi.com.tr/mavi-marmaraya-ragmen-israilden-silah-alimi-suruyor_98326_haber.html

Dokuz taarruz helikopteri 2011'de Türkiye'de

Terörle mücadelede kullanılmak üzere İtalya'dan alınması planlanan taarruz helikopterlerinin 2011'in sonunda Türkiye'de olacağı belirtildi.

Türkiye'nin kendi helikopterlerini üreteceği ATAK programında yaşanması beklenen muhtemel gecikme ve ordunun acil ihtiyaç talebiyle birlikte hazır alıma karar verilmişti. Bunun üzerine Başbakan Tayyip Erdoğan başkanlığında haziran ayında yapılan Savunma Sanayii İcra Komitesi toplantısından, 9 adet A-129 tipi helikopter alınması için karar çıkmıştı. Edinilen bilgiye göre İtalya'yla görüşmeler başladı. Fiyat konusunda bazı sıkıntıların yaşandığı belirtilirken, sözleşmesinin imzalanmasının ardından helikopterlerin Türkiye'ye gelişinin 2011'in sonunu bulacağı kaydediliyor. İtalyan Agust Westland ile görüşmeler Türk Havacılık ve Uzay Sanayii (TAI) üzerinden yürütülüyor. Helikopterlerin maliyetinin 300 milyon doları bulacağı belirtiliyor. İtalyan ordusunun da envanterinde bulunan A-129'lar Irak ve Afganistan'da da görev yaptı.

ATAK projesi kapsamında TAI tesislerinde T-129'un üretim çalışmaları da devam ediyor. Önümüzdeki yıl mart ayında deneme uçuşu yapması beklenen T-129, A-129'un gelişmiş versiyonu olacak. Bu helikopterin görev bilgisayarı tamamen yerli üretim olacak.

http://www.zaman.com.tr/haber.do?haberno=1018980&title=dokuz-taarruz-helikopteri-2011de-turkiyede

24 Ağustos 2010 Salı

China’s Bulava?

Federation of American Scientists looks at China’s ballistic missiles

Similar to Russia’s troubled Bulava sea-launched ballistic missile, the Pentagon’s latest report* on China’s military power reveals that Chinese efforts to develop a new sea-based nuclear missile have run into problems. Other nuclear force developments described in the Pentagon’s delayed annual report on China’s military power, now renamed Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China, include a slow deployment of new land-based mobile missiles and nuclear command and control challenges.

Naval Nuclear Programs

While the first boat of a small class of new Jin-class (Type 094) sea-launched ballistic missile submarines “appears ready” and up to four more may be building, development of the long-range ballistic missile Julang-2 for the class is said to have “encountered difficulty.”

The report reveals that the new missile has been “failing several of what should have been the final round of flight tests.”

The latest setback continues the problems that have characterized China’s naval nuclear program over the years. The first SSBN program (Type 092) only produced one boat, the Xia, which has never sailed on a deterrent patrol. Even following a recent lengthy submarine overhaul, the Pentagon describes the operational status of the Xia’s Julang-1 missile system as “questionable.”

The nuclear-powered attack submarine program also seems challenged, with only two Shang-class (Type 093) boats operational – the same as last year – and four old Han-class (Type 091) boats still in service. Instead, the focus of the nuclear attack submarine program appears to have shifted to building a new class, the Type 095. The Pentagon report projects that “up to five” Type 095s may be added “in the coming years.”

Land-Based Nuclear Missiles

Introduction of new land-based mobile ballistic missiles continues, but at a slow pace. The DF-31 program appears stagnant at “<10” missiles, the same as reported last year. The number of intercontinental DF-31As has only increased by a couple of missiles, from “<10” last year to “10-15” in this year’s report.

Probably as a possible result of the slow deployment of the new DF-31, the number of old liquid-fueled DF-3A and DF-4 missiles remain the same as last year.Despite a strong display at the military parade in Beijing last year, the number of DF-21 launchers has not increased compared with last year. The number of missiles is a little higher, 85-90 missiles versus 60-80, probably reflecting addition of conventional DF-21C versions.

The report continues previous years’ predictions that a new road-mobile ICBM may be under development, possibly a reference to the elusive DF-41 or another system. The new missile is described as “possibly capable of carrying a multiple independently targeted re-entry vehicle (MIRV).”

Previous reports have reported development of MIRV technology for many years, but always concluded that MIRV technology for mobile missiles would be too difficult and expensive. The reference to a road-mobile ICBM MIRV capability is new, although it comes with a lot of caveats: “may be under development,” and “possibly capable of carrying” MIRV.

A MIRV system would, if deployed, represent a significant change in Chinese nuclear employment strategy. Russia and the United States deployed MIRVed systems to improve targeting against military targets. A secondary reason – for Britain it was probably the primary reason – was to overwhelm missile defenses.

Rather than increased targeting, the Chinese motivation for pursuing MIRV probably is the emergence of increasingly advanced U.S. ballistic missile systems. Phase 4 of the Obama administration’s Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA) includes an anti-ballistic missile defense capability against ICBMs from around 2020. This may push China further toward MIRV.

Nuclear Command and Control
As were the case with the 2009 report, the 2010 report underscores the command and control issues facing Chinese leaders. “The introduction of more mobile systems will create new command and control challenges for China’s leadership, which now confronts a different set of variables related to deployment and release authorities.”

One of these is the emerging SSBN force, an almost entirely new form of nuclear deployment in Chinese posturing. The report states that “the PLA has only a limited capacity to communicate with submarines at sea, and the PLA Navy has no experience in managing a SSBN fleet that performs strategic patrols with live nuclear warheads mated to missiles.”

Chinese SSBNs have never performed a strategic deterrent patrol (none were conducted in 2009), and if current Chinese doctrine is any indication it is doubtful that the SSBNs will deploy with “live nuclear warheads mated to missiles” in peacetime. But the absence of operational experience and the limited communication capability raises serious questions about how inadequate proficiency and launch control procedures might create problems in a crisis.

The report raises similar issues with the emergency of the new generation of land-based mobile missiles. Although China has operated medium-range mobile missiles for decades, the delegation of launch authority in a crisis to units with quicker-launch solid-fuel long-range missiles raises questions about use control, crisis stability, and misunderstandings.

And there “is little evidence,” the Pentagon concludes, “that China’s military and civilian leaders have fully thought through the global and systemic effects that would be associated with the employment of these strategic capabilities.”

Despite these issues and speculations in previous annual Pentagon reports and the public about possible changes to Chinese nuclear doctrine, particularly conditions to its no-first-use policy, the 2010 report concludes that, “there has been no indication that national leaders are willing to attach such nuances and caveats to China’s ‘no first use’ doctrine.”

* Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010: http://www.defense.gov/pubs/pdfs/2010_CMPR_Final.pdf (PDF 4.8MB, 83 pages)
----
By Hans M. Kristensen

http://www.defpro.com/daily/details/643/
http://www.fas.org/blog/ssp/2010/08/china2010.php

'Seraj 1' vessel, 'Zolfaqar' missile launcher unveiled

Production line of ‘Seraj 1’ vessel and the new generation of ‘Zolfaqar’ missile launcher were inaugurated on Monday by Minister of Defence, Brigadier-General Ahmad Vahidi.

According to IRIB, the defence minister described Seraj 1 vessel as a fast rocket launcher designed for regions with tropical climate.

He said the vessel enjoys high efficiency and maneuver power, and is equipped with advanced electronic and telecommunications facilities.

Vahidi reiterated that the most advanced and modern technologies have been used in designing and construction of the vessel.

He stressed the Islamic Republic of Iran, thanks to its modern and complicated defence industries, coupled with powerful and devout forces, is able to maintain the security of the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman and the Hormuz Strait at the highest possible level.

He also warned that the country will have a wide range response to any aggression or illogical action, cautioning the enemies "not to play with fire.”

http://english.irib.ir/news/political/item/64739-seraj-1-vessel-zolfaqar-missile-launcher-unveiled


An Iranian man walks past the 'Zolfaqar'


The Iranian made 'Seraj' a high-speed mi

Iran Equips High-Speed Zolfaqar Vessel with Cruise Missiles

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi announced on Monday that the country's Navy has equipped its new high-speed vessels named 'Zolfaqar' with 'Nasr 1' cruise missiles capable of destroying 3-ton weighted vessels.

"The Zolfaqar vessel is considered as a new model of the vessels of the same class which is capable of conducting operations in different marine conditions thanks to its sea-to-sea missiles and proper speed," Vahidi said.

Reminding that the vessel has been strengthened with the Nasr 1 cruise missile, he reiterated, "The sea-to-sea cruise missile with high destructive capability and targeting power has immensely increased the vessel's power."

Nasr 1 is a short-range coast-to-sea and sea-to-sea missile which can be fired from coasts and all types of vessels.

Meantime, a senior Iranian commander had announced in May that Iran is able to produce its needed military tools and equipments domestically, and said that the country has already equipped all its naval vessels with home-made missiles.

"Today we can announce that all the vessels of the Army have been equipped with missiles built inside the country," Commander of the Iranian Army Major General Ataollah Salehi said at the time.

Iran has been pushing an arms development program in recent years in a bid to reach self-sufficiency. Tehran launched its arms development program during the 1980-88 Iraqi imposed war on Iran, to compensate for a US weapons embargo. Since 1992, Iran has produced its own jet fighters and armored vehicles as well as radar-avoiding missiles and other high-tech weapons.

Yet, Iranian officials have always stressed that the country's military and arms programs serve defensive purposes and should not be perceived as a threat to any other country.

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8906011420

Son dört Heron Türkiye'de

Terörle mücadelede yaşanan istihbarat zafiyeti tartışmaları devam ederken, Türkiye'nin İsrail'den aldığı son 4 Heron da Batman'da konuşlandırıldı.


Zaman'ın savunma çevrelerinden edindiği bilgiye göre, insansız hava araçları Heronların şu anda uçuş ve kabul testleri yapılıyor. Testlerde, Türk subaylara İsrailli operatörler eşlik ediyor.

Krize dönüşen Heron projesinde, 2004 yılında çıkılan ihale sürecinde İsrail'den 183 milyon dolar bedelle 10 adet insansız hava aracı (İHA) alınacaktı. Fakat İsrail'in Heronları istenilen yüksekliğe çıkamadı ve şartnamede yer alan havada kalma süresini gerçekleştiremedi. Heronlara Aselsan'ın ASELFLIR-300 adı verilen kamera ve hedefleme sistemi de entegre edildi. İsrailli firma, bu sistemin ağırlığından dolayı uçağın yükselme ve havada kalma süresini olumsuz etkilediğini öne sürdü. Karşılıklı suçlamalar devam ederken, 6 adet Heron şubat ayında Türkiye'ye gelmişti.

İsrail'le yaşanan Mavi Marmara krizinin ardından Türk subaylarına eğitim veren Heron operatörleri ülkelerine geri dönmüş ve Türkiye, önemli sıkıntılar yaşamıştı. Bütün bu tartışmaların arasında, Genelkurmay Başkanlığı ve Savunma Sanayii Müsteşarlığı'nda görevli asker ve sivillerden oluşan bir heyet İsrail'e gitmiş ve kalan son 4 Heron için kabul ve testleri için temaslarda bulunmuştu. Yapılan testlerde önemli bir sorunla karşılaşılmamış ve Türk heyeti Ankara'ya geri dönmüştü.

Edinilen bilgiye göre, geçtiğimiz günlerde son 4 Heron da Türkiye'ye getirildi ve Batman'da konuşlandırıldı. Uçaklarda şu ana kadar herhangi bir sorunun yaşanmadığı, resmi kabullerin kısa zaman içerisinde yapılacağı dile getiriliyor. Heron insansız hava araçları, aynı anda 6 hedefi izleyebiliyor. İstihbarat toplamasının yanı sıra uçak, helikopter ve karadan ateşlenecek güdümlü füzeler için hedef aydınlatması yapabiliyor. 24 saat havada kalabilen Heronlar 30 bin feet yüksekliğe kadar çıkabiliyor. 350 km menzilde veri transferi yapabiliyor.

Heronlar istihbarat toplamada görev yapıyor

İnsansız hava araçları Heronlar, özellikle terörle mücadelede Türkiye'nin elini güçlendiriyor. İstihbarat raporlarında, teröristlerin Heronları gördüğü anda kaçışmaya başladığı dile getiriliyor. 6 şehit verdiğimiz Hantepe saldırısı esnasında da Heronların teröristleri saniye saniye kaydettiği, fakat Genelkurmay tarafından çatışma sırasında herhangi bir müdahalede bulunulmadığı iddiaları da basına yansımıştı.

http://www.zaman.com.tr/haber.do?haberno=1018317&title=israilden-alinan-son-heronlar-batmanda-konuslandi

23 Ağustos 2010 Pazartesi

Shi Lang aircraft carrier will be completed soon, full glance views

http://wuxinghongqi.blogspot.com/2010/08/kuznetsov-aircraft-carrier-will-be.html

Russia increases diesel submarine production

MOSCOW, Aug. 20 (UPI) -- While most Western navies have been fielding nuclear-powered submarines since the 1960s, diesel-powered models have after significant upgrades become significant naval vessels.

The U.S. shut down its diesel submarine assembly lines in the 1960s since the U.S. Navy went nuclear, but other nations have retained the capacity to construct diesel submarines.

Russia's Admiralteiskiye Verfi shipyard has laid down the keel of a Project 636.3 diesel-powered submarine (Kilo class), intended for the Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-Tass reported Friday.

The NATO designation for the class is "Kilo."

Admiralteiskiye Verfi's Director General Vladimir Alekhsandrov told journalists that the new Project 636 vessel has a low noise signature and a highly automated propulsion system married to significant missile and torpedo armaments. The Project 636, crewed by 52 submariners, has an underwater speed of 20 knots, a cruising range at a conservative deployment of 400 miles with the ability to patrol for 45 days.

Specialists at the Rubin design bureau introduced modifications to a number of systems and equipment to adjust the vessel for operating in the Black Sea's unique conditions. Russian Navy chief Adm. Vladimir Vysotskii said the Russian Black Sea Fleet would eventually be equipped with three Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarines.

Admiralteiskiye Verfi is the direct descendant of a shipyard founded in St. Petersburg in 1704 by Czar Peter the Great. Since then it has constructed more than 2,500 warships, submarines, merchantmen and research vessels.

Besides domestic consumption, Russia's armaments export agency Rosoboronekhsport believes Project 636 has great export potential. In a June news release Rosoboronekhsport noted, "Russia's export potential in this market sector is very high thanks to Project 636 and Amur-1650 class submarines equipped with the Club-S integrated missile systems." The Project 636 Kilo-class submarine has been specifically designed for anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations in relatively shallow waters, where the longer endurance of nuclear-powered boats is a less significant factor.

Rosoboronekhsport has already built Kilo-class submarines for India, China and Iran and projects sales of up to 40 fourth-generation diesel-electric submarines to foreign customers. In April Admiralteiskiye Verfi confirmed that it will build six Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines for Vietnam in a deal estimated to be worth $1.8 billion.

Naval equipment now constitutes about 10 percent of Rosoboronekhsport's export portfolio, now estimated to be about $30 billion annually, second only to U.S. weaponry exports. At the International Naval Show-2009 in St. Petersburg Rosoboronekhsport delegation head Oleg Azizov stated, "By 2010, the share of naval equipment in Russia's arms exports will reach 15 percent, and by 2011 it will total 20 percent."

http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2010/08/20/Russia-increases-diesel-submarine-production/UPI-92381282326929/

Russia plans to supply Mi-17 helicopters to Afghanistan

MOSCOW (BNS): Russia plans to supply Mi-17 helicopters to Afghanistan under a possible NATO contract, a media report said.

"The Russian side is definitely interested in this (deal); there are no impediments on our side," RIA Novosti quoted Sergei Prikhodko, Deputy Head of Kremlin staff as saying.

“Russia is ready for the supply of helicopters under a possible NATO contract and to be part of a US-run tender for supplying helicopters to the Afghan military,” he added.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai will discuss the issue in Sochi on Wednesday.

Rosoboronexport, Russia's state arms exporter is also preparing to compete in a US tender to deliver Mi-17 helicopters to Afghanistan.

United States has recently lifted sanctions against Rosoboronexport for tendering arms deal with the nation. The sanctions were imposed in 2006, for violating the nuclear non-proliferation regime.

Over the past four years, dozens of Mi-17s have been bought by the US for Afghanistan and Iraq via intermediaries as commercial items, thus avoiding direct contacts with Rosoboronexport, the report said.

http://www.brahmand.com/news/Russia-plans-to-supply-Mi-17-helicopters-to-Afghanistan/4734/1/13.html

Russia's newest nuclear sub starts sea trials

Russia's newest strategic nuclear-powered submarine, the Borey-class Yury Dolgoruky, started a series of sea trials in the White Sea, the Sevmash shipyard said on Thursday.

The trials are part of the manufacturer's test program and depending on their outcome, official state testing will begin, a Sevmash spokesman said.

The submarine, a 23-billion ruble ($755 million) project, is expected to be armed with the troubled Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM).

The Bulava (SS-NX-30) has officially suffered seven failures in 12 tests. Some analysts suggest that in reality the number of failures is considerably larger. Some observers claim only one of the 12 launches has been an outright success.

The future development of the Bulava has been questioned by several lawmakers and defense industry officials, who suggest that all efforts should be focused on the existing Sineva SLBM.

However, that would require major changes to the Borey-class submarines. The Russian military has insisted that there is no alternative to the Bulava and pledged to continue testing the missile until it is ready to be put into service.


Borei class submarine

Iran's New Drone Can Hit Targets 1000km Away

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi announced on Sunday that the country's first home-made long-range Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) named 'Karrar' has a flight range of 1,000km.

"Karrar's flying radius reaches 1000km," Vahidi said on the sidelines of a ceremony to unveil Karrar, and added, "In addition to Karrar, Iran possesses other UAVs with a flying range of 1,000 km."

"The jet drone enjoys abundant capabilities, including its far range and operational depth," he said, adding that Iranian experts have increased the flying altitude of the UAV.

Vahidi also reiterated that Iranian drones can perform different missions and are capable of recording events and transmitting them to their military headquarters.

Iran in early February inaugurated the production line of two home-made UAVs with bombing and reconnaissance capabilities.

The two hi-tech drones named 'Ra'd' (Thunder) and 'Nazir' (Harbinger) are capable of conducting long-range reconnaissance, patrolling, assault and bombing missions with high precision.

Ra'd which is a UAV of choice for assault and bombing missions has the capability to destroy the specified targets with high pinpoint precision.

Experts believe that once the UAV enters the scene of aerial missions, it would enhance the reconnaissance, patrolling and defensive power of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Armed Force.

Iran has recently made good progress in the air industry and has succeeded in gaining the technical know-how for producing stealth aircraft and drones.

Iran successfully tested a home-made radar-evading UAV with bombing capabilities in June 2009. Also in 2008, the country's Defense Industries launched production lines of two well-known home-made fighter jets, namely Saeqeh (Thunderbolt) and Azarakhsh (Lightening).

Iran started construction of a plant in the northern province of Mazandaran in March 2009 to mass produce various types of UAVs for a wide variety of missions.

Hamed Saeedi, Managing Director of Farnas Aerospace Company in charge of the project, said that his company has been dealing with designing and manufacturing UAVs and reconnaissance and pilot training drones for the last 9 years.

"We plan to manufacture UAVs, including unmanned choppers and drones, at this site" he said, referring to the plant in Mazandaran province.

Regarding specifications of the UAVs to be produced by the plant, Saeedi noted, "Drones will be of the tactical type, with a short range of 400 to 500 meters flying altitude which cannot be detected by radio waves as they will be stealth aircraft."

He singled out detection and control of contraband trafficking on land and in the sea and assistance in firefighting operations, specially in the woods as among other advantages of the UAVs to be manufactured in the plant.

Tehran launched an arms development program during the 1980-88 Iraqi imposed war on Iran, to compensate for a US weapons embargo. Since 1992, Iran has produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles and fighter planes.

Yet, Iranian officials have always stressed that the country's military and arms programs serve defensive purposes and should not be perceived as a threat to any other country.

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8905311487

Iran Test-Fires New Surface-to-Surface Missile

TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi announced on Friday that the country has test-fired its latest surface-to-surface missile which enjoys unique features.

Iran's new surface to surface missile, Qiam 1 (Rising), has been successfully test-fired, Vahidi said, addressing a congregation of people on Tehran University campus on Friday.

"Being a new class of Iranian missiles, Qiam 1 has been equipped with new technical specifications and exceptional tactical powers," Vahidi noted.

"Qiam 1 is part of the new generation of the Islamic Republic's surface to surface missiles with liquid fuel and completely designed and built domestically," the Iranian minister stated.

He explained that the missile is equipped with a smart navigation system, which decreases the possibility of it being targeted by other projectiles.

Vahidi added that the liquid-fuel missile's launch time is low due to its smart targeting system.

"It enjoys enhanced agility due to the scrapping of its fins," Vahidi stressed, adding that the missile can hit targets with high precision.

Iran has been pushing an arms development program in recent years in a bid to reach self-sufficiency. Tehran launched its arms development program during the 1980-88 Iraqi imposed war on Iran to compensate for a US weapons embargo. Since 1992, Iran has produced its own jet fighters and armored vehicles as well as radar-avoiding missiles and other high-tech weapons.

Yet, Iranian officials have always stressed that the country's military and arms programs serve defensive purposes and should not be perceived as a threat to any other country.

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8905290734

Rus MiG-31′leri yenilendi

Rus kaynaklarından edinilen bilgilere göre, Rus Hava Kuvvetleri’ne ait aktif MiG-31 filolarındaki tüm savaş jetleri modernize edildi.

NATO koduyla “Foxhound” olan ve yüksek seviye standardını yakalayan Rus Mig-31′lerinin başta radar, aviyonik ve bilgisayar gibi önemli üniteleri son nesil sistemlerle yenilenerek modernize edilirken, uçaklara dijital telekomünikasyon/telsiz sistemleri entegre edilerek kokpitteki tüm gösterge ve donanımlar da yenilendi ve renkli, çok fonksiyonlu saydam ekranlar eklendi.

Son derece yüksek performanslı yeni radar, aviyonik, sistem bilgisayarı ve yazılımı sayesinde uçakların özellikle hava-hava amaçlı silah/mühimmat yelpazesi de genişletildi ve uçaklar ayrıca 90′lı yıllardan bu yana seri üretimi gerçekleştirilen, neredeyse 3.5 Mach hızındaki AS-17 Krypton gibi anti-radar füzesi içinde sertifiye edildi.

1964 yılında ortaya çıkan ve 1985 yılına kadar üretilen meşhur MiG-25 “Foxbat” konseptini baz alarak geliştirilen, ilk prototipi 1975 yılında uçan ve yine ilk defa 1981′de hizmete giren MiG-31 uçağı, halen kullanımda olan ve seri üretimi geniş çapta gerçekleştirlen dünyanın en yüksek uçuş hızına erişebilen av-önleme (Interceptor) uçağı olma özelliğine sahip.

Gerektiğinde süpersonik (ses) hızı neredeyse üç defa katlayarak Mach 3 hızına (Mach 2.83 = 3000 km/h) yaklaşabilen ve 24.4 km irtifaya tırmanabilen çift koltuklu MiG-31 uçakları halen Rusya yanında, Suriye ve Kazakistan Hava Kuvvetleri tarafından da kullanımdadır.

http://www.savunmasanayi.net/rus-mig-31leri-yenilendi/rus-mig-31leri-yenilendi/

20 Ağustos 2010 Cuma

Azerbaijan Eyes Russian Missile System

News of the alleged sale by Rosobornexport, which handles Russian armament exports, first appeared in the Russian daily Vedomosti in late July. An unnamed Russian Defense Ministry source later told Nezavisimaya Gazeta that the deal remains “at the negotiation stage, but the [Russian] government has already approved it in principle.” Vedomosti estimated the alleged $300 million sale as the most expensive one-time armament purchase by a former Soviet republic other than Russia.

Few doubts exist that energy-rich Baku has the cash to spend on such equipment. Azerbaijan’s military spending has increased more than 13 times over the past seven years to stand at $2.15 billion, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev asserted on June 24, news agencies reported.

Officials in Baku have not denied that the two S-300 Favorit systems could be among the budgeted purchases.

“Azerbaijan is strengthening its military forces and, therefore, purchases various types of new armament. And this process will continue,” Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense Deputy Spokesperson Teymur Abdullayev told EurasiaNet.org. Abdullayev declined to comment further.

Military analyst Jasur Sumarinly, founder and editor of MilAz, an online military news service, believes that such comments indicate that Baku “is indeed willing to buy S-300 systems.” Ninety percent of Azerbaijan’s armed forces contain arms made mostly in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, added Sumarinly.

Moscow may have an interest in emphasizing that interest to Azerbaijan’s long-time foe, Armenia, one political analyst believes. The timing of the July 29 Vedomosti article about the alleged S-300 sale roughly coincided with news about an expected August 19 deal with Armenia for a 49-year lease on Russia’s Gyumri base there.

“Both issues appeared simultaneously and I do not have any doubts that they are linked,” commented Ilgar Mammadov, a co-founder of the pro-opposition Respublikaci Alternative movement.

“[T]here are forces in Armenia which criticize and object to these plans. Thus, to make the Armenian public agree to this agreement, the Kremlin leaked information concerning plans to sell the air-defense systems to Azerbaijan, and, generally, about the strengthening of its military cooperation with Baku,” Mammadov argued.

Information varies about what other countries also possess the S-300 system. One 2005 report in the Voenno-Promyshlennyi Kur’ier (Military Industrial Courrier) indicated that Armenia possessed the S-300 PS, an earlier missile defense system from the same S-300 group. The Russian military recently affirmed that it has also installed an S-300 system in the breakaway territory of Abkhazia, which Moscow recognizes as an independent country from Georgia.

The S-300 Favorit system could prove a welcome upgrade to Azerbaijan’s military capabilities, military analysts noted.

“Despite a serious modernization of the armed forces in recent years, the Azerbaijani army still lacks modern air-defense systems. Almost everything we currently have was made during Soviet times,” said Retired Army Colonel Haji Asadov.

The S-300, designed to intercept intensive aircraft, ballistic and cruise missile attacks, ranks as a “modern, sophisticated and relatively cheap system compared with its Western analogues,” Asadov added. The US Patriot missile defense system ranks as a rough analogue.

Local military experts believe that the S-300 air-defense system will allow Azerbaijan to secure its strategic assets, including oil rigs, terminals and pipelines, from possible missile attacks – a scenario usually envisaged with Armenia in mind.

“It would not play an important role in case of a local war in the Nagorno-Karabakh territory and around it,” commented Sumarinly. “However, it is important if there would be a risk of missile attacks on strategic assets in the country.”

An unnamed source in Russia’s Defense Ministry told Nezavisimaya Gazeta on August 2 that the course of instruction for several Azerbaijani commissioned officers at Tver’s Air-Space Defense Academy includes training in the use of S-300 systems.

Russia’s ambassador to Baku, Vladimir Dorokhin, told Turan news agency, though, that Moscow “informs the United Nations and other organizations about its armament exports” and “if such an event [the S-300 sale] happened, we would inform them.”

http://www.defpro.com/news/details/17706/

19 Ağustos 2010 Perşembe

Erivan’ı 2044’e kadar Rus tankları koruyacak

Ermenistan ile Azerbaycan arasındaki Karabağ ihtilafında Rusya’nın kimin yanında olduğu tartışmaları Ermeni Dışişleri Bakanı Edvard Nalbandyan’ın son açıklamasıyla yeni bir boyut kazandı.

Nalbandyan’ın Ermenistan’ın Gümrü kentindeki Rus üssünün ülkesinin egemenlik ve bağımsızlığını koruyucusu olduğu yönündeki sözleri Moskova’yı “taraf” durumuna düşürdü.

Dev silah deposu

Nalbandyan, Rusya Devlet Başkanı Dimitri Medvedev’in dün başlayan iki günlük Erivan ziyareti öncesinde “Vesti-24” adlı Rus devlet televizyon kanalına verdiği demeçte, “Rusya ile aramızdaki askeri üs anlaşmasını köklü biçimde gözden geçiriyoruz. Gümrü’deki Rus askeri 25 yerine 49 yıl Ermenistan’da kalacak. Üstelik Ermenistan’da bulunan Rus güçleri Güney Kafkaslar bölgesinde sadece Rusya’nın çıkarlarını gözetmeyecek, ordumuzla koordinasyon halinde Ermenistan’ın koruyuculuğunu üstlenmiş olacak” dedi.

Nalbandyan’ın sözleri Kremlin’in internet sitesinde de onaylandı, ancak bunun Ermenistan ile Azerbaycan arasındaki askeri dengeleri değiştirmeyeceği öne sürüldü. Azerbaycan, Erivan ile Moskova’nın 16 Mart 1995’te imzalanan anlaşmayla Türkiye sınırına 70 km mesafede konuşlandırılan ve 2005’te silah deposuna dönüştürülen Gümrü’deki üssüne 800 milyon dolarlık silah aktarıldığını savunuyor.
 
http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dunya/15585459.asp?gid=200