While Turkey has not yet decided whether to purchase FD-2000, the export version of China's HQ-9 surface-to-air missile, due to objections from the US and other NATO allies, the Kanwa Defense Review published in Canada by Andrei Chang, also known as Pinkov, says that Turkey's TR-300 multiple-launch rocket system is a modified version of the Chinese WS-1 rocket system.
Kanwa said Turkey purchased a number of WS-1 systems from China in the 1990s and that the country used the system to design its own TR-300 system and exported them Middle East nations.
Sichuan Aerospace Industry Corporation, the Chengdu-based designer of the WS-1, said it was not aware of the export of Turkey's TR-300 to overseas markets.
As Turkey is a member of NATO, Roketsan, the nation's major weapons manufacturer and defense contractor, was able to apply the Inertial Navigation System and Global Positioning System to the Chinese-built multiple-launch rocket system, which greatly increased the accuracy of the TR-300 to a circular error of probability (CEP) of 10 meters, Kanwa said.
While the TR-300 is believed to be even more powerful than WS-1, which has a circular error probability (CEP)of 1%, information released by Roketsan in 2009 claimed that GPS had not yet been applied to the system at that time. As China reportedly dispatched a group of specialists to Turkey to assist Roketsan in the development of the TR-300, Kanwa said a similar situation would be likely to arise if Turkey goes ahead with its purchase of the FD-2000 air defense system.